Nutrition to Maintain Health

When we think of man as an individual, we realize how much he has achieved. With the powers bestowed by the almighty, he has been able to conquer the world with his understanding power and the knowledge he has acquired over the years. And where does all this come from. It’s an answer straight as any. He has to have some sort of food cycle which proves him to be at the top of the food chain. And yes, there is. It is the food that he eats. So what do we call ‘food’ in general terms? It’s one of the basic necessities and proves to be a supplement to keep everyone alive. It’s nutrition after all. Nutrition is something which has the power of creating a man out of a skeleton. In today’s generation, nutrition is an invaluable asset to maintain the standards of health and services. Nutrition has been recently considered as the most essential components of ones well-being.

It has been defined scientifically as the process of acquiring food and processing it in time so that it gets utilized properly. All it does is provide the certain nutrients so that our body cells can process it and stay alive and working. When we get to break the meaning of the word- ‘nutrient’, we find out that it is actually a hybrid word anonym for metabolism. As metabolism is a combined word for- anabolism and catabolism. Catabolism meaning the breakdown of food (nutrients) so that cells can manufacture food for their own and reproduce new cells, the process hence called anabolism. With this definition, we realize that its meaning doesn’t remain the same in every aspect of the field. In medical terms or in a hospital, nutrition may refer to the amount of food required by the patient in order to keep him stable and living. Whereas in nutritional science, the term-nutrition may refer to how the body may respond to the food it processes and what are the consequences of a kind of food on a kind of body. With technological advancements, we have been able to create contraptions that help us to study the very metabolism with which the food processing takes place. So, in today’s nutritional sciences, biologists and scientists from different parts of the world are conducting research as to the biochemical process through which the food is processed. They also keep close introspection of the physiological responses.

Along with maintaining a firm grip of its effects on the human body, it also may focus on different ways of prevention of a particular disease or ailment. As test subjects are made to display the effects of consumption of a particular food item, they imbibe different characteristics. So a medical expert is able to read those characteristics or ‘abnormalities’ as one might say and come to different conclusions. And this is how we come across new dietary and health plans every day. There have been several studies on this matter. Recently, a university in Sweden amended the old phrase-‘An apple a day keeps the doctor away’ as – ‘five fruits and veggies a day helps you live longer’. With this discovery the health standards have certainly notched up. For those who thought an addition to this statement won’t make a difference, they added to their diet and realized that it had no effect. The Tel Aviv University in Israel got its annual paper published in which it was mentioned that people who tend to eat a large breakfast were more inclined towards losing their weight and keeping heart diseases and diabetes at bay. Thus, nutrition plays an inevitably necessary role in our lives

Now when we come to practitioners of the branch of nutritional psychology, we realize that people in today’s dynamic generation have been confused between two popular health terminologies viz. nutritionist and a dietician. Dietetics is something which helps people make informed and learned choices about the quantity and quality of food they are going to consume. A dietician maintains the ideology of healthy and fresh nutrient consumption so that body can benefit from it. A part of a dieticians work includes evaluating the person’s ability to consume food in a healthy way and keep him away from all kinds of disease-prone possibilities. So along with the fields of education, healthcare and hospitals, a dietician also works in the food industry. A dietician must have the proper qualifications ( OR for him to follow this profession legally. Whereas a nutritionist has the job of studying the relationship between the food and its response on a human body. So it regulates the flow of food going across a human biological system for him to stay alive. A nutritionist can work in the fields of journalism and technology. Food corporations employ nutritionists and send them over to food outlets for supervision. One can easily lose perspective as to what is a nutritionists’ work or a dieticians’. A nutritionist can work in the field of food, technology and science. Whereas an s=dietician can only work actively in the field of health care. Thus, there lies the difference. If you or your loved one is sick and admitted in a hospital, you would remember a dietician, whereas if you are the head of a food corporation, then nutritionists would be working under you.

Now when it comes to what kind of nutrients does a body require for it to be self-sufficient in maintaining a good health profile, we are at a fork which has several tributaries. Some might say that Carbohydrates and Proteins are the most essential part and some might point out the importance of fats and vitamins. In reality, every single nutrient adds to our body.

In order to simplify the understanding of the required nutrient-limit, scientists have categorized into two different categories:

  • Macronutrients are those nutrients which are required in large quantities by the body and will remain available in abundance in different kinds of food items.
  • Macronutrients are those which will are required in controlled amounts but play a crucial role in development of our body otherwise.

Nutritional experts all over the world have said that there are seven nutrients which are indispensable for the human body viz. Carbohydrates, fats, Proteins, Vitamins, Mineral, Fiber and water. They form the complete food octagon. One who has a regular intake of all the nutrients in controlled quantities, he is able to get to maintain good standards of health as an individual.

When we come to the question of wrong dietary habits and routines, then we ought to discuss the downgraded form of nutrition called Malnutrition. It is a condition which results in weakness and health issues. It is mostly caused due to improper or inadequate consumption of nutrients by a human body over a period of time. When the body cells don’t get the required quantity of food, then they tend to disintegrate more without the provision of multiplying. Hence, it becomes a habit which in turn leads to bad health issues. Recently scientists have come up with a new terminology called over-nutrition. It describes the condition in which, due to abundance of food available, a body tends to give a negative response due to over consumption. Nutrition in its coming years will always be the topmost priority as man has always found a way to live longer compromising here and there. But nutrition is something that will never be compromised.


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