This article is in progress, it is just here for backup. Do not use this for medical suggestions.

Methodology

The treatment sections are ranked according to the Primum non nocere principle, “First, do no harm”.

  • The first treatments listed are those which are effective and safe, ranked in descending order of effectiveness.
  • The next treatments listed are those which are effective but dangerous, ranked in descending order of effectiveness minus harm risk.
  • After that are those for which there are no scientific studies showing their effectiveness, these are grouped under the “Alternative” category, ranked in descending order of estimated effectiveness minus harm risk.
  • Finally those which are harmful and not effective are listed in the “Harmful” category, so patients know to avoid them.

Remedy by Illness

A

Anemia

Broadly, causes of anemia may be classified as impaired red blood cell (RBC) production, increased RBC destruction (hemolytic anemias), blood loss and fluid overload (hypervolemia). Several of these may interplay to cause anemia eventually. Indeed, the most common cause of anemia is blood loss, but this usually doesn't cause any lasting symptoms unless a relatively impaired RBC production develops, in turn most commonly by iron deficiency.

Iron deficiency from nutritional causes is rare in men and post-menopausal women. The diagnosis of iron deficiency mandates a search for potential sources of loss such as gastrointestinal bleeding from ulcers or colon cancer. Mild to moderate iron-deficiency anemia is treated by oral iron supplementation with ferrous sulfate, ferrous fumarate, or ferrous gluconate. When taking iron supplements, it is very common to experience stomach upset and/or darkening of the feces. The stomach upset can be alleviated by taking the iron with food; however, this decreases the amount of iron absorbed. Vitamin C aids in the body's ability to absorb iron, so taking oral iron supplements with orange juice is of benefit.

Vitamin supplements given orally (folic acid) or intramuscularly (vitamin B-12) will replace specific deficiencies.

Wikipedia Anemia Treatment

Wikipedia Iron Deficiency Anemia Treatment

Acne

Sometimes washing affected area with Tea Tree Oil can also be beneficial, where it is comparable to benzoyl peroxide but without excessive drying, kills P. acnes, and has been shown to be an effective anti-inflammatory in skin infections.

There are treatments for acne mentioned in Ayurveda using herbs such as aloe vera, neem, haldi (turmeric) and papaya. However, scientific evidence for the cosmetic effectiveness of aloe vera is limited and when present is frequently contradictory.

Another treatment for facial acne is to apply yellow egg yoke to the infected area. Or use toothpaste and honey with a bandaid for an overnight fix. Another home remedy is simply toothpaste.

Wikipedia Acne Management

Alzheimer’s Disease

Alzheimer’s is a neurodegenerative disease characterized by progressive cognitive deterioration together with declining activities of daily living and behavioral changes. It is the most common type of dementia. The first symptom is loss of memory which increases with illness progression, then intellectual impairment extends to the areas of language, skilled movements, and recognition. The main cause of the disease is unknown.

According to the Memory Improvement with Docosahexaenoic Acid Study a high intake of omega-3s reduces the risk of dementia or cognitive decline.

Wikipedia Alzheimer Disease Management

Asthma

Arthritis

B

Bad Breath

Baldness

A treatment for baldness is cod liver oil and apple cider vinegar. Both consuming cod liver oil and washing your hair with apple vinegar can help prevent and actually slow down the process of balding. Simply drink one tablespoon of cod liver oil and rinse your hair with a mixture of half a cup of apple cider vinegar and half a cup of water once a day. Unfortunately, cod liver oil does not have a pleasurable taste or smell, and the smell of vinegar can also be somewhat unpleasant. However, there are not any major risks of using this treatment. In fact, taking cod liver oil can also help lower your risk for cardiovascular disease and improve your skin. Both cod liver oil and apple cider vinegar have been used in the US for years, but this particular combination is somewhat rare.

Wikipedia Baldness Preventing and Reversing Hair Loss

Bedwetting

Bedwetting has been attributed to a number of causes including deep sleep, urinary disorders, or even problems with the spinal cord. There are however a couple simple before bed solutions to this unfortunate common occurrence. Cranberry juice, if taken in the amount of about eight ounces before going sleeping each night can help. You can also eat two teaspoons of raisins and one teaspoon of walnut halves.

Wikipedia Treatment with High Success Rates

Bee Stings

Black Eye

A black eye occurs when blood begins to pool near the tender area of the eyeball in order to hasten the healing process. The best treatment for a black eye is to apply something cold to the affected area without applying pressure. An example of this to hold a cold can of soda against the cheek of the swollen eye for several minutes without adding pressure to the eye itself.

Asprin is not a good way to decrease the pain of a black eye due to the fact that it's is a anticoagulant which will not allow the blood to clot as it should, slowing the healing process.

Wikipedia Black Eye

Blisters

A treatment for healing blisters is with tea bags. One should use a non-flavored tea bag and soak it in a cup of hot water just as if making a drink. After 2-3 minutes, when the tea bag begins to soak up the water, remove it and place it directly on the open wound/blister. For 10 minutes, push slightly down on the tea bag, allowing the herb juice within to trickle out onto the wound. After 10 minutes, check the skin surrounding the blister for a discoloration of either tan, brown, yellow, or orange skin. If this is apparent, take the tea bag off. If not, soak the tea bag on the blister for 2 more minutes. For the next half hour leave the blister open to fresh air, no allowing it to touch any objects or clothing. One should continue this process twice a day until the blister is properly healed. This treatment with tea bags will allow the blister to heal quickly. This remedy is used in Western society.

Wikipedia Blisters Treatment

Bloody Nose

Bloody noses, though inconvenient, are a common occurrence. The most common type is called the Anterior nosebleed. This could be caused by a dry nose, smoking, or medicinal blood thinners. In the case of these, one should sit in a chair and lean forward without tilting the head. Pinch the nose lightly with a small, wet cloth for about 5 minutes. Some cayenne pepper can be mixed water and can be drunk. This will draw blood away from the head to the stomach. Also, it help to soak a wash cloth in cold water and while that is happening drench the top of the victim's head in cold water as well. Then, ring the wash cloth out and firmly place it on the victim's forehead, holding it there with pressure until the bleeding stops. Make sure to keep the wash cloth cold, this could mean switching out the wash cloths in order to keep them as cold as possible. This technique originates in the Philippines.

Another, less common method is stuffing the nostril with ruptured yarrow. This with help the blood coagulate more quickly.

In dealing with bloody noses it is also important to have the victim pinch their nose, and lean forward, NOT BACKWARDS. If the victim tilts their head backwards it will cause all the blood to run down the back of their throat into their stomach and they will eventually vomit up blood. This is a very bad thing, so lean forward and let all the blood out if you have a bloody nose.

The other common type of nosebleed is called a Posterior nosebleed, which is most common among the elderly. It is caused by high blood pressure,the bleeding begins at the rear of the nose a begins to flow down the throat.

In both Posterior and Anterior cases an increased intake of iron can make them less frequent.

Wikipedia Bloody Nose Treatment

Bruising

A way of clearing up bruises quickly is to massage the bruised area for a short period of time. This may seem painful, but if you can handle it, it is effective. The massaging breaks up the blood in the area and allows it to move, and thus the bruise will clear up faster.

Another way is with Dit Da Jow, “hit and fall wine”, commonly called “Jow”, a liniment used by practitioners of the Chinese martial arts. More specifically used by practitioners of the iron body styles of kung fu; iron palm, vest, arm, leg, fist, and head. Jow is used to treat soft tissue damage such as bruising, strains, aches, it increases blood flow.

There are two types of Jow, hot and cold. The “Hot Jow” is used for more heavily damaged areas, deep bruising and very tight muscles. “Cold Jow” is more generalized and used for typical daily training training. The differences between the two are 1) “Hot Jow” is heated before application and 2) the recipes are slightly different. The ingredients may differ to some degree but all Jows are fundamentally the same, they are a combination of a strong alcohol (Chinese rice wine or Vodka are common) and specific quantities of specific herbs such as Artemesia (Liu ji nu), Myrrh (Moyao), Borneol (Bingpian), Carthamus (Honghua), Cirsium (DaJi), Dragon's Blood (Xuejie), Musk (Shexiang), Pinellia (ShengBanXia), Cinnabar (Zhusha).

Immediately put a small amount in your palm and pat it gently into the bruise area. Then use your thumb or three fingers to massage sore spots and break up lumps of accumulation. As the pain subsides work the liniment in more deeply. Do this three times per day or more for the next twenty four to thirty six hours.

Wikipedia Bruising Treatment

Burn

A way to alleviate the pain of burns is aloe vera. In order for aloe to be effective, the gel needs to be applied directly onto the inflamed skin, though studies are being done to see if oral use of aloe can also heal skin irritations. Aloe should be used several times a day, for multiple days, until the skin is no longer irritated. There is some debate surrounding the use of aloe, whether or not it actually speeds up healing time. Regardless of whether aloe actually heals, it is a natural coolant, providing temporary relief of skin irritation or sunburn. Only one study, done in 1991, found that the use of aloe slowed healing time, but nothing has ever been proven. The use of Aloe Vera is a very common in the Western society.

Another way to alleviate the pain of burns is by original Crest toothpaste liberally to the burned area. You must use the original paste, not the gel. This will relieve you of the pain/burning sensation you will feel. After the pain has resided leave the paste on the burn until it dries then wash off, if at anytime before the burn heals it starts bothering you again reapply the toothpaste and repeat the above steps to relieve yourself from the pain.

Wikipedia Burn Management

C

Cancer

Candida

Canker Sore

Canker sores are painful reddish, sometimes white, sores on the inside of the mouth.

Canker sores affect people all over the world. There are believed to be many causes, and some people can get them on a regular basis. The exact cause of canker sores is unknown, but is linked to stress, poor nutrition, menstrual cycles, changes in climate and food allergies. Consumption of citrus fruits and juices, wheat products, or injuries to the gums or mouth can precede many canker sores. Eating foods rich in vitamin b such as whole grain foods and a variety of vegetables helps prevent canker sores. There is no way to make a canker sore disappear immediately. They can only be treated to help relieve pain and speed the healing process.

Although over the counter localized anesthetics are an option, a home grown remedy is to consume Yogurt with Acidophilus cultures often while afflicted by a sore. The yogurt is believed to help speed up your body's response to the sore, and relieve pain at the site. The bacteria introduced from the yogurt may combat the bacteria that is causing the sore, helping to reduce the time that a patient would have to suffer. It is recommended that a person who wishes to try this home remedy eat 8 ounces a day, but one should pay attention to see if the dairy product may be increasing the appearance of canker sores. However, given that food allergies–possibly to dairy–can cause the sores themselves, this remedy might not be for everyone.

The use of baking soda can help ease the pain and aid healing of canker sores. Using a mirror locate the sore, expose the canker sore by holding lips open with one hand. Dip the tip of one finger in baking soda and dab it onto the sore, covering it in baking soda. Continue to hold lips to expose the area, and avoid getting the area wet with saliva. Allow the baking soda to sit on the sore for a minute or two, then rinse with water. By the next day the canker sore should be less painful and begin shrinking. Hot fluids, such as green tea seem to aid healing. Repeat daily until the sore disappears. This remedy has its origins in the great farm lands of Wisconsin, and likely many households across the country.

Also gargling a warm mixture of salt and water can help relieve canker sores. Mix a tea spoon of salt with a cup or so warm water (as hot as you can stand without burning yourself). Stir it until it dissolves. Gargle or rinse the solution in your mouth for 20-30 seconds, spit it out and repeat. Don't use the same solution over; rinse with it once and spit it out. Do this several times a day.

Using a tea tree oil mouth wash can also be a natural way of helping let your mouth heal itself of canker sores. Desert Essence is a company which produces such a product.

Rinsing your mouth out with sauerkraut juice has long been known to cure canker sores and prevent future ones from forming. Just swish a tablespoon of sauerkraut juice in your mouth for about thirty seconds one or two times each day.

Wikipedia Canker Sore Treatment

Cardiovascular Disease

Carpal Tunnel Syndrome

Remedies include a wrist support pad.

Wikipedia Carpal Tunnel Syndrome Treatment

Chapped Lips

Chapped lips is seen as a dehydration problem. Licking the lips has a temporary effect, but the evaporation that occurs afterwards only leads to further dehydration. Lip balm is the most effective way to lock in moisture and prevent the lips from dehydrating. Vaseline and suntan lotion also work.

Wikipedia Chapped Lips Treatments

Chickenpox

A way to reduce itching during the Chickenpox is to take an oatmeal bath. There are many different ways to do this. The easiest option is to use oatmeal bath packets, they don’t clog the drain and you simply just have to add to warm, running bath water. The cheaper homemade options are to just grind up some dry oatmeal until it is in a powder form and add 2 cups of it to warm bath water, this will also prevent the drain from clogging. A third option is to take old nylons, cut off the then ends and fill with oatmeal and then tie back up and soak it in the warm bath water. You should stay in the bath for at least 15-20 minutes for at least two times a day. This will relieve any itchiness from chickenpox. This home remedy is frequently used among many mothers in the United States dealing with children infected with the Chickenpox.

Other home remedies for chicken pox are to take baths daily in baking soda. Using calamine lotion or benadryl liquid or capsules by mouth for the itching skin. Use Neosporin ointment about 4 times a day for infected sores. Use Vitamin E oil or honey over skin to help the healing process. Trim nails and do not scratch sores, let the scabs fall off by them selves. Take Tylenol of fever.

Wikipedia Chickenpox Treatment

Cold Sore

Not sure if originating from but from Australia and china combined as a home remedy they would use nail polish and tea tree oil. On first notice of a cold sore coming on take a q-tip and dip it in nail polish remover. Place the q-tip on your cold sore until the q-tip is somewhat dry. Through out the rest of the day dab tea tree oil on the cold sore 3 times a day. If the cold sore is still a problem the next day repeat from step one starting from the nail polish remover. There are risks doing this, its not for someone with sensitive skin since 100% tea tree oil can be very irritating to the skin and so can nail polish remover, and first of when you read the back of nail polish remover it will say “do not inhale or put directly onto skin” so use at your own risk. If you are worried about the nail polish remover skip it and just try the tea tree oil. http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/d/d4/Teatreeoil.jpg/800px-Teatreeoil.jpg

Another remedy for cold sores involves vitamin E gel capsules. Pierce a hole in one of the capsules and smear the liquid on the cold sore 3-4 times per day. The sore tends to heal in a few days' time, as vitamin E is very beneficial to skin health and maintenance, and direct application is quicker than increased ingestion.

Wikipedia Herpes Simplex Treatment

Common Cold

Congestion of the Nose and Chest

Honey tea or honey and lemon juice or a Jigger of Whiskey can be used to treat coughing or chest congestion.

The vapor bowl method is sometimes used in Western society to remedy a serious cough resulting from congestion of the windpipe and throat. This practice causes the person to expectorate mucus material that blocks airflow and causes cough and irritation. A pot should be filled with water and brought to a boil. Once boiling, add a dash of salt or baking soda. Take off of the heat source and let the boil subside so as not to burn the face. Once simmering, place the afflicted person’s head over the bowl and cover with a towel large enough to form a tent over the bowl. The person then takes deep breaths of the vapor coming off of the bowl until it becomes difficult to breathe or a cough is induced. Repeat until a cough is induced and the person should hack out all of the material which had obstructed air flow. While somewhat unpleasant at times, this method is quite effective at relieving discomfort and speeding the healing process.

Congestion of the nose may also be relieved by using eucalyptus oils in the form of aromatherapy. In this use, the mere scent of eucalyptus opens sinuses, making breathing much smoother. Breathing eucalyptus clears the entire head almost immediately and is said to induce a feeling of calm or relaxation. Aromatherapy use of eucalyptus provides temporary relief of decongestion, but is not a cure and should not be treated as one. The U.S. Food and Drug Administration does not strictly regulate the use of herbs, so one should be careful of how much Eucalyptus they use and watch very carefully for side effects. Negative effects include skin rash, worsening of asthma and a lowering of blood sugar levels. Eucalyptus should never be ingested orally because it can lead to nausea, internal bleeding, seizures and even death. Pregnant and breastfeeding women should also avoid contact with eucalyptus because of its toxicity.

Wikipedia Nasal Congestion Treatment

Constipation

Constipation is caused by various different factors. It is important to drink enough water in daily basis and have balanced meals to prevent constipation in the first place. Mild constipation might be relieved by drinking a mild hot drink, such as a weak tea or even just a mug of hot water.

A more powerful way to treat constipation is to drink prune juice. Prunes are dried plums which are specially grown for this purpose. Prunes are rich in iron and potassium. They are high in fiber and contain modest amounts of vitamin A, vitamin B3 and vitamin B6. Prunes are a valuable food for anyone suffering from high blood pressure and make an ideal laxative. Constipation is a condition of the digestive system where one can not release feces, and can cause massive stomach pain. If you are constipated, prune juice has been recommended by most doctors to clear a constipated bowel. All you need is just two or three cups of prune juice, and the effect will take place in about an hour or so. It is that easy, and the in between part may not be that enjoyable but the final result should be. It is actually a good thing to include prune juice in your diet to prevent constipation from occurring again. This method was discovered in Serbia by the town folk, which is where a lot of plums are grown.

Another way to treat constipation is with honey and salt. In traditional Korean culture, a mixture of Honey and Salt is believed to be effective when constipation continues for a long period of time. Mix 40g of honey and 8g of salt in 100ml of water and drink it daily. It is better to drink it in the morning with empty stomach. Drink it for 2 to 5 days and there will probably be significant improvement. Long term constipation often damages skin conditions. Honey helps to protect the stomach, improve digestion and improve skin condition. Thus it is a perfect remedy for constipation. There are no significant side effects, and it is safe to drink more than the recipe indicates.

Wikipedia Constipation Treatment

Cramps

Most women at some point in their life will experience menstrual cramps. While taking medicine such as Tylenol, Ibuprofen and Acetaminophen can lessen the pain, but the best thing to do is to apply heat. Good ways to do this are to take a warm bath, apply a heating blank/pad or to use a hot rice bag. (best if applied to the lower back/tail bone area). The heat helps to lessen the tension in the muscles. A person should do this until the cramps go away or for however long they desire. Cramps usually last 1-3 days so that is the only time when its necessary. You can do this a frequently as you please or are able to. The only problem with this is that its not always convenient. They do have patches that are warm that you can stick to your skin, but I have never tried them. Another risk is that the heating pads can get too hot and can burn you. So be careful. Using heat for cramps are not just for women, it is used in most of the world. Although women in Western societies seem to have more severe cramps, or at least an emphasis on severe cramps, therefore it’s most seen in Western societies.

Menstrual cramps are caused by two kinds of painful menses in which can be cured if done correctly. The pain with menstruation was not taken so seriously back then, but now it is very serious. The time of the month for women is not the best feeling ever which causes headaches, bloating, agitation, and other mood swings. For best results, it is always good to drink a hot cup of tea or water which relieves the discharge that is causing the pain. The cramps help push out the menstrual discharge in which you may come in contact with blobs of blood. Do not worry it is normal for a woman to discharge while on their menstrual period.

Women tend to complain about menstrual cramps and how they affect their body. Sometimes they blame their menstrual cramps that they have gained a few pounds here and there. Menstrual cramps are a dull and aching feeling to the body, especially the lower abdomen. Sometimes this pain may cause vomiting or mind headaches which changes a woman's change of mood. The best results to prevent or calm down a menstrual cramp is to take it at ease, no pressure. If possible, take Midol or Pamprin which are over the counter drugs made for menstrual cramps. Other drugs that are available are also Tylenol and Ibuprofen. Exercising may reduce the pain, but do not put too much pressure during the first couple of days. Walking and yoga are two good examples of exercises that help loosen the muscles but do not over work the body. Overall, menstrual cramps and cramps in general are a regular experience in a person's body whether it be menstrual or not. If the body is taken cared of correctly then the pain may be reduced. Today in the U.S., menstrual cramps are often taken care of by taking over the counter drugs and taking warm baths.

Menstrual cramps are an everyday part of life for most women, and some experience these cramps more frequently and with more pain than others. While there is something to be said for Midol (yes, it just might be Heaven sent), there is always a certain amount of caution that should be observed when taking medications for any sort of pain. At a certain point, one's body becomes used to the prescribed dosage, and then the ante must be upped. This is not necessarily healthy. So, to counteract this scenario, or at least try to prevent it, if one is able, one should look to more natural methods of relieving cramps. Number one, chocolate should be consumed daily during the first few days of menstruation. Okay, kidding… well, half kidding. There are certain ingredients in chocolate that can help, at least indirectly. It may not relieve the cramps themselves, but it certainly helps to improve those mood swings that seem so prevalent during “that time of month.” On a more serious note, and in regards to the cramps themselves, exercise is highly recommended. From a swimmer's perspective, vigorous exercise was found to be a wonderful way to not only alleviate the cramps, but regular exercise also helps to make the menstruation period shorter and the flow lighter. Unfortunately, there really is no “cure” for cramps, or any of those symptoms that women may or may not have, but there are certainly ways to make things just a little bit more bearable.

Another quick thing to do that helps alleviate the pain of cramps is water. Water is good for everything, but for some reason it especially helps when it is “that time of the month.”

Wikipedia Menstrual Cramp Management

Cuts

The treatment depends on the type, cause, and depth of the wound as well as whether other structure beyond the skin are involved. Treatment of recent lacerations involves examination, cleaning, and closing the wound. If the laceration occurred some time ago it may be allowed to heal by secondary intention due to the high rate of infection with immediate closure. Minor wounds like bruises will heal on their own with skin discoloration usually disappears in 1–2 weeks. Abrasions which are wounds with intact skin usually require no active treatment except keeping the area clean with soap and water. Puncture wounds may be prone to infection depending on the depth of penetration. The entry of puncture wound is left open to allow for bacteria or debris to be removed from inside.

For simple lacerations cleaning can be accomplished using a number of different solutions including tap water, sterile saline solution, or antiseptic solution. According to the Water for Wound Cleaning study, infection rates may be lower with the use of tap water in regions where water quality is high. Evidence for the effectiveness of any cleaning of simple wound however is limited.

Neosporin is a home remedy that disinfects scrapes, burns or cuts. Neosporin provides infection protection and kills the infectious bacteria. It may also help decrease the appearance of scaring and heal wounds faster than just a normal bandage. Active ingredients in Neosporin are Neomycin Sulfate, Polymyxin B, Bacitracin Zinc, and Pramoxine. The steps for using Neosporin are:

  1. Clean the affected area.
  2. Apply a small amount on the area 1 to 3 times daily.
  3. Cover it with a sterile bandage.

Hydrogen peroxide can also be used to sterilize cuts. Take a small amount, about a cap full, and pour it over the infected area. It will sting and foam for a while, so wipe off excess liquid only after it ceases to foam, which will mean the bacteria has been killed as much as possible for the time being. Once you have poured the hydrogen peroxide over the wound anywhere from 1-5 times, rise off the wound with water. Repeat twice a day, until the reaction no longer bubbles. However, this method can be dangerous as the amount of hydrogen peroxide used is considered excessive, and can cause damage to the skin and flesh surrounding the wound.

Honey can be smeared on a minor cut or scrape to aid in healing, as it possessed antibacterial properties. Aloe vera gel or liquid can also be used for this purpose.

To prevent cuts, knee pads, elbow pads, and a helmet sould be worn when doing dangerous sports, like skateboarding, rollerblading, riding a scooter, etc..

Wikipedia Wound Management

D

Dandruff

Dandruff is the excessive shedding of your head's skin cells. Dandruff is a common problem, 97% of Americans suffer from dandruff at some time. It can happen to anyone at any age but mostly occurs between the ages of 12 and 80. There are internal and external causes of dandruff. The internal causes are hormonal imbalance, poor health, poor hygiene, allergic hypersensitive, lack of rest, emotional stress, excessive consumption of sugar, fat and starch, improper nutrition and hereditary predisposition. External causes are excessive uses of hairspray or gels, improper use of hair coloring products or excessive use of hot curlers or curling irons, cold weather and dry indoor heating, stress and anxiety, and infrequent shampooing of hair or inadequate rinsing of scalp and hair.

The common treatment is dandruff shampoo. There is no right or wrong when it comes to dandruff shampoo, if it works for you, then it works. When using a product it is recommended that it is used continually. When the shampoo is not used the dandruff will return. Thorough cleansing and rinsing of the scalp and hair will keep flakes at bay for up to three days. It takes the scalp three days to make a new batch of flakes. Continued use of a dandruff shampoo that works for you will keep the flakes away.

Another type of treatment is a mixture of vinegar and water on the scalp. Make a mixture of two teaspoons of vinegar and six teaspoons of water and apply it on the scalp before you go to bed. Wrap a towel around the head and keep in the mixture for the whole night. Rinse your head in the morning with vinegar water again. If you continue to treat your hair with this remedy for a few months, it may prevent your problem dandruff.

Wikipedia Dandruff Treatment

Dehydration

In physiology and medicine, dehydration (hypohydration) is defined as the excessive loss of body fluid. It is literally the removal of water from an object; however, in physiological terms, it entails a deficiency of fluid within an organism. Dehydration of skin and mucous membranes can be called medical dryness.

There are three types of dehydration: hypotonic or hyponatremic (primarily a loss of electrolytes, sodium in particular), hypertonic or hypernatremic (primarily a loss of water), and isotonic or isonatremic (equal loss of water and electrolytes). In humans, the most commonly seen type of dehydration by far is isotonic (isonatraemic) dehydration which effectively equates with hypovolemia, but the distinction of isotonic from hypotonic or hypertonic dehydration may be important when treating people who become dehydrated. Physiologically, dehydration, despite the name, does not simply mean loss of water, as water and solutes (mainly sodium) are usually lost in roughly equal quantities to how they exist in blood plasma. In hypotonic dehydration, intravascular water shifts to the extravascular space, exaggerating intravascular volume depletion for a given amount of total body water loss. Neurological complications can occur in hypotonic and hypertonic states. The former can lead to seizures, while the latter can lead to osmotic cerebral edema upon rapid rehydration.

For most sports, the optimal drink to prevent dehydration is drinking water with electrolytes and 6% carbohydrate. To make a 6% carbohydrate drink, mix 1g of salt (about one quarter of a teaspoon), with 60g of sugar (about five tablespoons) per litre of water.

Wikipedia Dehydration Treatment

Dental Plaque

Diabetes

Eating some foods or herbs, and avoiding others, may be able to reduce a patient's insulin requirements. If you are taking something besides insulin to control diabetes, you must monitor your glucose levels carefully to determine if the alternative treatment is actually working, do not assume that just because a study said it should have an effect that it will automatically work in your case.

According to the Cinnamon Improves Glucose and Lipids of People With Type 2 Diabetes study, taking 1g to 6g of cinnamon per day for forty days reduced serum glucose levels by an average of 23%.

According to the chromium article, studies found that chromium supplementation may reduce blood sugar levels as well as the amount of insulin people with diabetes need. Most studies used 200 mcg chromium per day in the form of chromium picolinate.

According to the Cure for Type II Diabetes page, to control diabetes you should eliminate partially hydrogenated oils and trans-fats (i.e. trans-fatty acids, such as is in margarine) from the diet. Replace these with natural oils such as flaxseed, hemp, olive oil, coconut oil, real butter, lard, any organic animal or plant fats, walnuts, etc. Try to make omega 3/omega 6 ratio > 1 [i.e. consume more omega 3 than omega 6].

According to the diabetes article at the Neem Foundation, neem can reduce a patient's insulin requirements. A tablespoon (5ml) of neem leaf juice daily on an empty stomach each morning, or chewing or taking in powder form ten (10) neem leaves daily in the morning may reduce insulin requirements.

Wikipedia Diabetes Mellitus Management

Diaper Rash

Diaper rash mostly affects babies and toddlers who are still in their diaper phase in the growth cycle. It happens when moisture gets trapped in the diaper of the child. To prevent a child from getting a Diaper Rash, don't use wet diapers, and always be aware if the child has soiled the diaper or not so that it can be changed immediately. Breast milk may also aid in the prevention of diaper rash because breast-milk fed babies are less susceptible to getting diaper rash.

The most effective treatment, although not the most practical one, is to discontinue use of diapers, allowing the affected skin to air out. Thorough drying of the skin before diapering is a good preventive measure because it's the excess moisture, either from urine and feces or from sweating, that sets the conditions for a diaper rash to occur. Various moisture-absorbing powders, such as talcum or starch, also help prevent diaper rash.

Another approach is to block moisture from reaching the skin, and commonly recommended remedies using this approach include oil-based protectants or barrier cream, various over-the-counter “diaper creams”, petroleum jelly, dimethicone and other oils. Such sealants sometimes accomplish the opposite if the skin is not thoroughly dry, in which case they serve to seal the moisture inside the skin rather than outside.

Zinc oxide-based ointments are quite effective, especially in prevention, because they have both a drying and an astringent effect on the skin, being mildly antiseptic without causing irritation.

A variety of other inflammatory and infectious processes can occur in the diaper area and an awareness of these secondary types of diaper dermatitis aids in the accurate diagnosis and treatment of patients.

In persistent or especially bad rashes, an antifungal cream often has to be used. In cases that the rash is more of an irritation, a mild topical corticosteroid preparation, e.g. hydrocortisone cream, is used. As it is often difficult to tell a fungal infection apart from a mere skin irritation, many physicians prefer an antifungal-and-corticosteroid combination cream. Another possible treatment is applying shark liver oil to the affected area during diaper change, which may get rid of the rash in a couple of days.

Wikipedia Diaper Rash Treatments

Diarrhea

The necessary, minimum treatment for diarrhea is to replace lost fluid and salts to prevent dehydration. Also, an extra multivitamin should be taken to replace lost vitamins and minerals.

On top of that, the Probiotics for Treating Acute Infectious Diarrhea study demonstrated that the use of probiotics reduced the duration of symptoms by one day and reduced the chances of symptoms lasting longer than four days by 60%. According to the Role of Lactobacillus in the Prevention of Antibiotic Associated Diarrhea meta analysis, probiotic lactobacillus can help prevent antibiotic associated diarrhea in adults but possibly not children. So yogurt which has lactobacillus listed in the ingredients should eaten. For those with lactose intolerance, taking digestive enzymes containing lactase when consuming dairy products is recommended.

Also on top of that, the Oral Zinc for Treating Diarrhea review found that zinc supplementation benefits children suffering from diarrhea in developing countries, but only in infants over six months old.

Wikipedia Diarrhea Management

E

Earwax Removal

Eczema

F

Fever

A fever is a symptom of numerous diseases. It is not necessarily a bad thing, and there are some important immunological reactions that are sped up by temperature, and some pathogens with strict temperature preferences could be hindered. Some people even try to ‘burn off’ a fever, by drinking hot liquids and wearing warm clothes/burying themselves in blankets. However, if the fever reaches 42 °C the brain and other organs may suffer permanent damage. In this case, medicine like Acetaminophen is used to bring down the fever. But what if there is no medicine available, or if the patient’s body won’t accept it? The best option then is to apply a cold compress to the forehead. Ideally, it should be cold but not frozen. It should be left on as long as necessary, and replaced when it warms up. More drastic cooling methods can be dangerous because they can reduce the body’s ability to fight off disease and make the body more susceptible to new diseases.

Another way to help clear a fever is to eat a spicy meal, which has many beneficial effects, including clearing of the sinuses, increased circulation, and induction of heavy sweating, which removes toxins from the body. Essentially, a spicy meal helps 'sweat out' a fever. Consumption of spicy food can even increase fluid consumption and introduce important nutrients into a cold victims body, increasing the immune systems ability to fight disease. A related lesser used treatment is the combination of alcohol and spicy food to also 'sweat out' a fever.

Wikipedia Fever Management

Fungal Infection

A remedy for a fungal infection is mugwort.

Wikipedia Fungal Infection Treatment

Fungal Infection of the Nail

Vicks vaporub is used primarily to relieve congestion, but interestingly is also used to cure toenail fungal infections. When applied generously over the infection once or twice daily the Vicks gradually penetrates and softens the nail, and this over time will allow for removal of damaged portions of the nail as the nail grows forward. This application can vary from person to person, with some cases resolving in a matter of weeks, to other cases that may take months to cure. There are no side effects from using Vicks on for toenail fungus treatment, only methol smelling toes.

Wikipedia Fungal Infections of the Nails Treatment

G

Glaucoma

Glaucoma is a group of diseases of the optic nerve involving loss of retinal ganglion cells in a characteristic pattern of optic neuropathy. Although raised intraocular pressure is a significant risk factor for developing glaucoma, there is no set threshold for intraocular pressure that causes glaucoma. One person may develop nerve damage at a relatively low pressure, while another person may have high eye pressure for years and yet never develop damage. Untreated glaucoma leads to permanent damage of the optic nerve and resultant visual field loss, which can progress to blindness. Cannabis is widely used by and legally prescribed to patients with glaucoma.

Wikipedia Glaucoma Management

H

Halitosis

Halitosis is often caused by candida.

Hangover

A hangover is the result of drinking too much alcohol and not enough water. The symptoms are nausea, headache, and sometimes dizziness.

Ethanol has a dehydrating effect by causing increased urine production (diuresis), which causes headaches, dry mouth, and lethargy. Dehydration also causes fluids in the brain to be less plentiful. This can be mitigated by drinking water before, during and after consumption of alcohol.

In the Double Blind Comparison of Pyritinol and Placebo study, it was found that prophylactic vitamin B6 (pyritinol) reduced the number of hangover symptoms by approximately 50%. As described in the Alcohol Hangover review, half the participants received 1200 mg of vitamin B6 (400 mg at the beginning of the party, 400 mg 3 hours later, and 400 mg at the party's conclusion), and their hangover severity was 3.2 versus 6.8 for the placebo participants.

Another way to eliminate the sickness is to eat a lot of bread before drinking. The bread will absorb some of the alcohol making is less hard for the body. Not only does this eliminate the hangover a lot of the time, but it is a good prevention against alcohol poisoning which could kill you.

It has been suggested that after a long night of over indulgence to eat something sweet (such as a cookie, donut, ice cream, etc.) right before bed. In the morning, you should experience less of the hangover symptoms. The amount you consume depends on the person and how you are feeling. This method works for some people but is not guaranteed for everyone, considering that everyone experiences hangovers quite differently or not at all.

In the morning, you can try dissolving Alka Seltzer in water after a night of drinking, when you feel like you can without puking, because it's kind of gross, and your hangover might melt away. Usually one dose should do the trick, but you might need a second a few hours later for the residual effects. Also, you could simply drink a cup or two of water.

Wikipedia Hangover Possible Remedies

Headache

A possible remedy for remedy for headaches is drinking Gatorade or other sport drink meant to treat dehydration.

One of the most effective ways to treat a headache is to lie down in a cool, quiet, dark room with a cold ice pack or wet washcloth over your eyes. This will relieve stress, which in most cases is a cause of the headache.

Another usually never thought of remedy for headaches is working out. Usually working out is probably the last thing that someone with a really bad headache would want to do, but it has been shown to help alleviate the pain. Try a light work out program, such as a brisk walk or join an actual fitness program. Working out releases natural endorphins, releases tense muscles, reduces anxiety, increased blood and lymph circulation, reduced fatigue, improves sleep which means more sleep, and improves digestion among many other things. All of these things help to reduce headaches. Too much exercise during a migraine could make it worse though.

Another possible solution for treating a headache is to massage the forehead.

Acupuncture has been found to be beneficial in chronic headaches[16] of both tension type[17] and migraine type.[18] Research comparing acupuncture to 'sham' acupuncture has shown that the results of acupuncture may be due to the placebo effect.

Wikipedia Headache Treatment

Hiccups

A simple treatment involves increasing the partial pressure of CO2 and inhibiting diaphragm activity by holding one’s breath or rebreathing into a paper bag. Vagus nerve stimulation can improve hiccups, done at home by irritating the pharynx through swallowing dry bread or crushed ice, or by applying traction to the tongue.

Another way is stimulating the gag reflex, which can be done in many ways. One way to eat a spoon full of [sugar] with a little bit of [vinegar] on it, this remedy is not actually as disgusting as it sounds.

Another possible hiccup treatment is drinking water from a cup backwards. In other words, drink from the opposite edge of the cup, instead of the closest edge. This involves bending forward funny, but has been found to discontinue hiccups. It is only necessary to use while you have the hiccups, but occasionally more than one time is necessary. Just be careful, it can get messy the first time, but if you have hiccups often, you will become experienced at this, and it is not as complicated as the water-pencil trick. A possible medical explanation may have to do with its qualities of distraction.

Another possible hiccup treatment is to drink water with a twist. While drinking you should plug your nose and your ears. It's a mix between holding your breath and drinking water and can be very tricky. A tip is to plug your ears with your thumbs, plug your nose with your pointer fingers and use the rest of your fingers to balance the glass. Drink as much as you can until you are out of breath. This usually works with the first use but may need to be repeated.

The following way may lead to choking, so you should consider trying it only if nothing else works, and you're careful. To treat hiccups you can try drinking water upside down. If you get a mouth full of water, then get into a hand stand position, and drink the water while you are upside down it may get rid of hiccups. Generally after one time the hiccups should be cured, but one downfall of this method is that sometimes the water goes down wrong and you may start to choke. This remedy may work because of distration.

Wikipedia Hiccups Treatment

Hives

Hives are typically treated with antihistamines such as Benadryl, fexofenadine, diphenhydramine, hydroxyzine, cetirizine and other H1 receptor antagonists.[14] These are taken on a regular basis to protective effect, lessening or halting attacks. Treatments such as stress management can sometimes lessen severity and occurrence. Additionally, methods similar to psychological pain management can be used to shift focus away from the discomfort and itchiness during an attack.

Wikipedia Hives Management

Influenza

Influenza can be prevented with the flu vaccine.

People with the flu are advised to get plenty of rest, drink plenty of liquids, avoid using alcohol and tobacco and, if necessary, take medications such as acetaminophen (paracetamol) to relieve the fever and muscle aches associated with the flu.[110] Children and teenagers with flu symptoms (particularly fever) should avoid taking aspirin during an influenza infection (especially influenza type B), because doing so can lead to Reye's syndrome, a rare but potentially fatal disease of the liver.[111] Since influenza is caused by a virus, antibiotics have no effect on the infection; unless prescribed for secondary infections such as bacterial pneumonia.

Malnutrition can reduce the ability of the body to resist infections and is a common cause of immunodeficiency in the developing world.[39] For instance, in a study in Ecuador, micronutrient deficiencies were found to be common in the elderly, especially for vitamin C, vitamin D, vitamin B-6, vitamin B-12, folic acid, and zinc, and these are thought to weaken the immune system or cause anemia and thus place people at greater risk of respiratory infections such as influenza.[40] Seasonal variation in sunlight exposure, which is required for vitamin D synthesis within the body, has been proposed as one of the factors accounting for the seasonality of influenza.[41] A meta-analysis of 13 studies indicated some support for adjunctive vitamin D therapy for influenza, but called for more rigorous clinical trials to settle the issue conclusively.[42]

The activity of N-acetylcysteine (NAC) against influenza was first suggested in 1966.[45] In 1997 a randomized clinical trial found that volunteers taking 1.2 grams of N-acetylcyteine daily for six months were as likely as those taking placebo to be infected by influenza, but only 25% of them experienced clinical symptoms, as contrasted with 67% of the control group. The authors concluded that resistance to flu symptoms was associated with a shift in cell mediated immunity from anergy toward normoergy, as measured by the degree of skin reactivity to seven common antigens such as tetanus and Candida albicans.[46]

Wikipedia Influenza Treatment

Another Wikipedia Influenza Treatment page

Ingrown Toenails

The treatment of an ingrown toenail partly depends on how severe it is.[9] In mild to moderate cases, a foot soak treatment may suffice. The foot soak treatment is to soak your foot in warm water for 15 minutes to soften the skin around the nail. To do this, it is best to soak your foot in hotter water than you would usually use and massage the foot for the 15 minutes allowed. Daily foot soaks in warm water will help relieve the swelling or tenderness while the toenails grow out. Use dental floss or a gutter splint to provide a tract along which the nail may grow. To prevent infection, you can use salt water instead of fresh water for the soak, or you can use an antibacterial ointment on the toe after the foot soak. Letting the toenails grow out and taking proper care of them will help prevent them from being ingrown again.

If conservative treatment of a minor ingrown toenail does not succeed or if the ingrown toenail is severe, surgical management is recommended.[9]

Wikipedia Ingrown Toenail Management

Insomnia

Insomnia may be a symptom of magnesium deficiency, or low magnesium levels, but this has not yet been proven. A healthy diet containing magnesium can help to improve sleep in individuals without an adequate intake of magnesium.[70]

Warm milk is commonly used in the western culture to lull one into sleep. Warm milk contains two substances that are known to be related to sleep and drowsiness. The hormone melatonin and the amino acid tryptophan. The amount of these two substances in a glass of warm milk is very small, however, many believe it has a psychological effect on the mind that brings drowsiness to the consumer.

The hormone melatonin, sold as a “dietary supplement” in some countries or as a slow-release prescription drug (Circadin) in Europe, is effective in several types of insomnia. Melatonin has demonstrated effectiveness equivalent to the prescription sleeping tablet zopiclone in inducing sleep and regulating the sleep/waking cycle.[59] One particular benefit of melatonin is that it can treat insomnia without altering the sleep pattern, which is altered by many prescription sleeping tablets. Another benefit is it does not impair performance related skills.[60][61]

Chamomile tea and whole wheat snack is can induce steady, restful sleep. Any night that one feels tense, or unable to properly fall asleep, it is safe to take this natural remedy about an hour before one's desired sleep-initiation. When one wakes up in the middle of the night, this remedy also works to the same end. Take one mug of water heated in the microwave for approximately one and a half minutes and submerge the chamomile tea bag in the warm water until desired taste is achieved. However, it is most effective to just leave the tea bag in the mug throughout intake. Then, accompany this with a whole wheat snack of wheat thins, an oatmeal raisin cookie, or other small whole-wheat solid. If a low-key environment is provided as well, this remedy should put you right off to sleep. The whole wheat will serve to increase the production of serotonin in the brain, which induces the sleep-ready state, while the chamomile also works to calm one's nerves and provide the right environment for rest. Drinking too much tea before bed, however, can leave one waking up mid-sleep for restroom breaks, so it is important to only have about one mug of the chamomile tea. This remedy should also, definitely not be accompanied by any Jack Daniels or the like, due to the fact that alcohol actually interrupts your sleeping patterns and can wake you up early in the morning before you are completely rested. And one does not want to be missing out on precious R.E.M. sleep, does one? Hot tea also helps sooth sore throats and is good to drink before bed to relieve dryness of the throat, causing coughing which can prevent people from falling asleep.

Another remedy for insomnia is passion flower. Dry or fresh (either way it does not matter) leaves from the plant are mixed with water to create a tea. Many species have been found to contain beta-carboline harmala alkaloids.[8][9] which are MAO inhibitors with anti-depressant properties.

Some insomniacs use other herbs such as medical marijuana, valerian, lavender, and hops. Valerian has undergone multiple studies and appears to be modestly effective.[67][68][69]

Wikipedia Insomnia Treatment

Lice

Lice are mites (prediculosis) that can be seen with the naked eye. They lay eggs on the shafts of hair on the scalp (nits, shells that contain eggs, are glued to the head). In about a week the immature louse hatches and hides in the scalp for two to three weeks until it matures enough to lay eggs of its own. They survive on human blood acquired through tiny bites in the skin of the scalp. These pesky parasites cause itching- just the thought of them can tickle! If one itches too often or too hard, the scalp can become inflamed or even infected, which can cause the glands in the neck to swell. Being socially shunned for a couple of days can also be a side effect of lice.

It is a common misconception that if one acquires lice, they don't practice good hygiene. Actually, lice come whether or not one bathes regularly. However, there are some preventive practices. Since lice are transmitted through direct contact with a contaminated person's hair and/or through the sharing of brushes, combs, hats, and other hair accessories, one should not share these objects. This is one time being selfish can actually help the greater good of everyone!

Shaving the head or cutting the hair extremely short can be used to control lice infestation. Short hair, baldness, or a shaven scalp are generally seen as a preventive measure against lice infestation. However, it is not recommended that children be suddenly shaved if there is reason to believe that they may experience adverse psychological effects, in which case they should at least have a hair cut to make treatment easier.

Shaving of the area above and behind the ears and the upper part of the neck while leaving the crown of the head with hair is commonly used to prevent lice among tribes in Africa, Asia, and America (in America - Mohawk style).

Most treatments described below should be repeated after 7 to 10 days to kill any lice that hatch from the eggs or to treat reinfection by family members or class mates.[15]

Like all insects, lice need to breathe, and smothering hair with vaseline or other oily/fatty substances, like olive oil, coconut oil or mayonnaise, overnight or for at least six hours will asphyxiate them. However, this is messy and removing the oily substance itself can be somewhat difficult; in such a case a few washings with a highly-foaming soap are recommended to remove all of the oily/fatty substances and lice out of the hair.

Vinegar is also effective and safe in the treatment of pediculosis. Hair is drenched in warm vinegar, and then a shower cap is put in order to suffocate adult lice and erode egg walls (rendering them unviable). The cap should be worn overnight or at least for six hours. Some have found that listerine mouthwash works as well.

Electronic lice combs use a small electrical charge to kill lice. The metal teeth of the comb have alternating positive and negative charged tines, which are powered by a small battery. When the comb is used on dry hair, lice make contact with multiple tines of the fine-toothed comb, thereby closing the circuit and receiving an electrical charge. Electronic lice combs have been tested and found to be safe and effective way to kill head lice, and as this is a non-chemical treatment, resistance does not seem to be a consideration because the mechanism of action is fundamentally electrocution. [10]

Devices blowing heated air onto the scalp have been tested for their efficacy to kill lice and eggs and can show up to 98% mortality of eggs and 80% mortality of hatched eggs. Currently there is only one FDA Cleared medical device that offers this technology. [5]

Lice can also be treated medicated shampoos, which kill the live lice (regular shampoo doesn’t work, so cleanliness is not a guaranteed prevention practice), and egg (nit) remover gets rid of the eggs and nits that are more firmly attached to the hair and scalp. Combing one’s hair after using the shampoo and remover should dislodge anything that is left over.

As a last resort, if all else fails, and the patient does not want to be shaved, insecticides can be used to kill the lice. The only insecticides approved by the FDA for treatment of lice are lindane and malathion.[2] Both are toxic, should be used cautiously and only if the patient is at least six years of age.

Wikipedia Treatment of Human Head Lice

Migraine

Migraine headaches that lead to nausea, vomiting and extreme sensitivity encumber individuals everyday. When you suspect you may have a migraine you should seek treatment immediately.

There are three main aspects of treatment: trigger avoidance, acute symptomatic control, and pharmacological prevention.[14] Medications are more effective if used earlier in an attack.[14] The frequent use of medications may, however, result in medication overuse headache, in which the headaches become more severe and more frequent. These may occur with triptans, ergotamines, and analgesics, especially narcotic analgesics.[4]

A cold pack laid over ones head can help relieve the pain caused by a migraine headache. This remedy will help people who describe their migraine as throbbing or piercing pain. Most migraines are one sided and with a cold pack you can target the area of your head that needs treatment. You can use a cold pack as often and as long as the pain persists, if the pack is too cold try wrapping the pack in a dish cloth and then reapplying to the area in pain.

Another remedy for migranes is butterbur, an herb that originated in South Africa. It is also found in Europe and parts of North Africa and Asia. This plant grows in damp, marshy areas and along riverbanks with large heart-shaped leaves. Herbalists in the Middle Ages used butterbur’s roots to treat fevers and plague. Later on in the seventeenth-century, butterbur was used for headaches, asthma, allergies, and coughs. Recently, researchers have found that a daily dose of butterbur is effective at preventing migraine headaches. The butterbur extract contains anti-spasmodic and anti-inflammatory properties which help prevent pain by keeping the blood vessels in the head from becoming inflamed.

The butterbur extract has been proven to be safe for adults as well as children who suffer from frequent migraines. Candidates for this supplement suffer from frequent attacks that are greater than or equal to two per month, totaling three or more days. Candidates may also have recurring migraines that significantly interfere with one’s daily routines. Supplements of the butterbur extract generally come in 50 mg capsules. Adults commonly take one supplement three times daily for four weeks, then take one capsule twice daily for the following four to six months. If migraine headaches return, it is advised to restart the process by taking the butterbur supplement three times a day for four to six month. Children six to nine years old generally take one butterbur capsule daily for a constant four to six months. Children ten to seventeen years of age are advised to take one supplement twice a day for four to six months as well.

Butterbur extracts can be found in your pharmacy and vitamin shops. Supplements containing butterbur extracts are natural and do not produce harmful side effects. Through clinical studies, patients who took the herb twice a day for an extended amount of time had nearly half the amount of migraines.

Another remedy for migraines is feverfew. It should be taken regularly (every 4-6 hours) by chewing the leaves, it can also be taken in caplets both for preventative treatment and acute attacks. There are precautions to take when using feverfew. Feverfew should not be used during pregnancy because of the stimulant action on the womb. The fresh leaves may cause mouth ulcers in sensitive people. It can be found growing on rocky slopes, walls, waste places and a weed of gardens. It is native to south-Eastern Europe and Asia.

Wikipedia Migraine Management

Motion Sickness

Motion sickness is the disturbance of the inner ear which is caused by repeated motion such as that of a swell of the sea, car movement, turbulence on an airplane, etc. Symptoms of motion sickness include nausea, vomiting and dizziness. Other common signs are sweating, discomfort, and an overall feeling of not feeling well.

One common suggestion is to simply look out of the window of the moving vehicle and to gaze toward the horizon in the direction of travel. This helps to re-orient the inner sense of balance by providing a visual reaffirmation of motion.

In the night, or in a ship without windows, it is helpful to simply close one's eyes, or if possible, take a nap. This resolves the input conflict between the eyes and the inner ear. Napping also helps prevent psychogenic effects (i.e. the effect of sickness being magnified by thinking about it).

A simple method for relieving common and mild car sickness is chewing[citation needed]. Chewing gum has an uncanny effectiveness for reducing car sickness in those affected. Chewing gum, however, is not the only thing one may chew to relieve mild effects of car sickness, snacking on sweets or just chewing in general seems to reduce adverse effects of the conflict between vision and balance.

Fresh, cool air can also relieve motion sickness slightly, although it is likely this is related to avoiding foul odors which can worsen nausea.[16]

Ginger root is commonly thought to be an effective anti-emetic. One trial review indicated that sucking on crystallized ginger or sipping ginger tea can help to relieve the nausea,[19] while an earlier study indicated that it had only a placebo effect.[20] Tests conducted on the television shows Mythbusters and Food Detectives support the theory that ginger is an effective treatment for the nausea caused by motion sickness.[21]

Ginger is reported to calm the pyloric valve located at the base of the stomach.[19] This relaxation of the valve allows the stomach to operate normally whereby the contents will enter the small intestine instead of being retained within the stomach. It is this undesirable effect of retention in the stomach that eventually results in vomiting. Vomiting is not seasickness but is only a symptom or side effect; although the effect most commonly associated with seasickness. This link reports on a ginger study; notice the comment about less vomiting when taking ginger, but not less nausea.[22]

Over-the-counter and prescription medications are readily available, such as Dramamine (dimenhydrinate),[17] and Bonine/Antivert (meclozine).

Wikipedia Motion Sickness Treatment

Muscle Cramping

Muscle cramping is common and often occurs during exercise, hot weather and at night. Potential contributing factors include dehydration, low levels of certain minerals (magnesium, potassium, calcium, and sodium), and reduced blood flow through muscles attendant in prolonged sitting or lying down.

Stretching may be helpful in treating simple muscle cramps [14].

With exertional heat cramps due to electrolyte abnormalities (primarily sodium loss and not calcium, magnesium, and potassium ) appropriate fluids and sufficient salt improves symptoms.[15] Otherwise, magnesium, potassium, and vitamin B are the most helpful. Pumpkin seeds are a good source of magnesium, and bananas are a good source of potassium.

Wikipedia Muscle Cramp Treatment

Muscle Pain (Myalgia)

Myalgia means “muscle pain” and is a symptom of many diseases and disorders. The most common causes are the overuse or over-stretching of a muscle or group of muscles. Myalgia without a traumatic history is often due to viral infections. Longer-term myalgias may be indicative of a metabolic myopathy, some nutritional deficiencies or chronic fatigue syndrome.

Treatments for muscle cramping, such as stretching, drinking appropriate fluids, taking magnesium, potassium and vitamin B, may help some patients with muscle pain.

If the muscle pain is not caused by overuse or injury, then the root cause should determined and that should be treated. If the root cause can not be found, or it is untreatable, then the treatments for muscle cramping and/or general health should be tried.

Wikipedia Muscle Ache

Wikipedia Muscle Cramp Treatment

Muscle Soreness (Acute)

After working out, playing a sport, or working with heavy objects, it is possible to pull a muscle. When you pull a muscle, it hurts quite a bit, and will impact your ability to work out afterwards, or even go about daily tasks. When a sore muscle occurs, there are creams and other such things that you can apply. However, at the interest of time and money, there are simple treatments that can be taken. First, it is important to apply ice to the region that hurts for twenty minutes, once every hour until pain subsides. After pain subsides, and even in between icings, one should stretch gently, since the area is already sore, and vigorous stretching will only cause the muscle to hurt more. It is important that you walk fifteen to thirty minutes a day, not just because walking is good for your mind and body, but also because it will increase circulation through your body, and will deliver oxygen to the sore muscle. Drinking 8+ glasses of water a day will help increase hydration to the muscle, which will also ease the pain. Most importantly, stay off the muscle. Do not curl weights if your bicep is sore, and do not run four miles if the sore muscle is in your leg.

Treatments for muscle cramping, such as stretching, drinking appropriate fluids, taking magnesium, potassium and vitamin B, may help some patients with acute muscle soreness.

Wikipedia Acute Muscle Soreness

Wikipedia Muscle Cramp Treatment

Muscle Soreness (Delayed Onset)

Delayed onset muscle soreness (DOMS), also called muscle fever, is the pain and stiffness felt in muscles several hours to days after unaccustomed or strenuous exercise. The soreness is felt most strongly 24 to 72 hours after the exercise.[1] It is caused by eccentric exercise.[2] After such exercise, the muscle adapts rapidly to prevent muscle damage, and thereby soreness, if the exercise is repeated.[3]

Delayed onset muscle soreness is one symptom of exercise-induced muscle damage. The other is acute muscle soreness, which appears during and immediately after exercise.

The soreness disappears in about 72 hours after appearing. If treatment is desired, any measure that increases blood flow to the muscle, such as low-intensity work, massage, hot baths, or a sauna visit may help somewhat.[14] Immersion in cool or icy water, an occasionally recommended remedy, was found to be ineffective in alleviating DOMS in one 2011 study,[18] but effective in another.[19]

Counterintuitively, continued exercise may temporarily suppress the soreness. Exercise increases pain thresholds and pain tolerance. This effect, called exercise-induced analgesia, is known to occur in endurance training (running, cycling, swimming), but little is known about whether it also occurs in resistance training.

Delayed onset muscle soreness can be reduced or prevented by gradually increasing the intensity of a new exercise program,[14] thereby taking advantage of the repeated-bout effect.

Treatments for muscle cramping, such as stretching, drinking appropriate fluids, taking magnesium, potassium and vitamin B, may help some patients with delayed onset muscle soreness.

Soreness can theoretically be avoided by limiting exercise to concentric and isometric contractions.[14] But eccentric contractions in some muscles are normally unavoidable during exercise, especially when muscles are fatigued.[1] Limiting the length of eccentric muscle extensions during exercise may afford some protection against soreness, but this may also not be practical depending on the mode of exercise. A study comparing arm muscle training at different starting lengths found that training at the short length reduced muscle damage indicators by about 50% compared to the long length, but this effect was not found in leg muscles.[15]

Wikipedia Delayed Onset Muscle Soreness

Wikipedia Muscle Cramp Treatment

Pain

Pain can be alleviated by many medications and practices. One popular medication used to treat minor aches and pains is Acetaminophen.

Wikipedia Pain Management

Pneumonia

Pneumonia is a sickness of the lungs and the respiratory system that causes the lungs and the alveoli to become inflamed and produce fluids. Pneumonia is due primarily to infections, with less common causes including irritants and the unknown. Although more than one hundred strains of microorganisms can cause pneumonia, only a few are responsible for most cases. The most common types of infectious are viruses and bacteria, with its being less commonly due to fungi or parasites. Mixed infections with both viruses and bacterial may occur in up to 45% of infections in children and 15% of infections in adults.[15] A causative agent is not isolated in approximately half of cases despite careful testing.[16] The term pneumonia is sometimes more broadly applied to inflammation of the lung (for example caused by autoimmune disease, chemical burns or drug reactions), however this is more accurately referred to as pneumonitis.[17][18]

Typically, oral antibiotics, rest, simple analgesics, and fluids are sufficient for complete resolution.[26] However, those with other medical conditions, the elderly, or those with significant trouble breathing may require more advanced care. If the symptoms worsen, the pneumonia does not improve with home treatment, or complications occur, hospitalization may be required.[26] Worldwide, approximately 7–13% of cases in children result in hospitalization[11] while in the developed world between 22 and 42% of adults with community-acquired pneumonia are admitted.[26] The CURB-65 score is useful for determining the need for admission in adults.[26] If the score is 0 or 1 people can typically be managed at home, if it is 2 a short hospital stay or close follow up is needed, if it is 3–5 hospitalization is recommended.[26] In children those with respiratory distress or oxygen saturation's of less than 90% should be hospitalized.[34] The utility of chest physiotherapy in pneumonia has not yet been determined.[35] Over the counter cough medicine has not been found to be effective.[36]

A remedy for mild pneumonia is a lung compress, which consists of cotton or an absorbent cloth soaked in a mixture of honey and alcohol that is applied to the rib area so it sits around the lungs. The lung compress should also be tightened by another cloth and have a few layers of clothes over it to lessen heat loss. This type of hot compress is generally applied during or after pneumonia or any ailment that severely affects the lungs such as a cold or flu. Once the lung compress is made it should snugly sit on the ribs so that honey and alcohol soak into the skin. It should be applied for 2 to 4 hours a day anywhere from one to five days.

This compress should not be used during fever as it may worsen it. It is generally used as the sickness winds down to help ensure full recovery and prevent a repeat infection.

This type of compress is used in Russia, Europe, Asia and other countries and regions with cold climates. The lung compress may have originated in Russia or Germany although no clear indication of its origin exist. This compress is used widely in Russia to help treat and prevent pneumonia.

Wikipedia Pneumonia Management

Pink Eye

Pink Eye is also called conjunctivitis, it is an inflammation of the membrane (the conjunctiva) that lines the eyelid and covers the surface of the eye. Bacteria and viruses (which are very contagious) allergies, dry air, and irritants in the air such as smoke, fumes, or chemicals can cause pink eye. When bacteria or a virus is involved, the condition is more commonly called an infection.

The symptoms of pinkeye may include redness in the whites of the eyes, red and swollen eyelids, lots of tears, itching or burning, a sandy feeling in the yes, and sensitivity to light. Conjunctivitis resolves in 65% of cases without treatment, within two to five days. The prescribing of antibiotics to most cases is not necessary.[8]

For the allergic type, cool water poured over the face with the head inclined downward constricts capillaries, and artificial tears sometimes relieve discomfort in mild cases. In more severe cases, nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory medications and antihistamines may be prescribed. Persistent allergic conjunctivitis may also require topical steroid drops.

The bacterial type usually resolves without treatment. Antibiotics, eye drops, or ointment are thus only needed if no improvement is observed after three days.[9] In patients receiving no antibiotics, recovery was in 4.8 days, with immediate antibiotics it was 3.3 days, and with delayed antibiotics 3.9 days. No serious effects were noted either with or without treatment.[10][11]

Although there is no specific treatment for viral conjunctivitis, symptomatic relief may be achieved with cold compresses[12] and artificial tears. It is often advisable to avoid touching the eyes or sharing towels and washcloths.

The chemical type is treated via irrigation with Ringer's lactate or saline solution. Chemical injuries (particularly alkali burns) are medical emergencies, as they can lead to severe scarring, and intraocular damage. People with chemically-induced conjunctivitis should not touch their eyes, regardless of whether or not their hands are clean, as they run the risk of spreading the condition to another eye.

A warm compress applied directly to the eye several times a day may relieve pain and discomfort and moisturize the eye.

Wikipedia Pink Eye Management

Poison Ivy, Oak, Sumac

Psoriasis

Psoriasis is a non-contagious skin disease that creates lesions or sores on skin and is treatable by many methods. There are a number of different treatment options for psoriasis. Typically topical agents are used for mild disease, phototherapy for moderate disease, and systemic agents for severe disease.[33]

Bath solutions and moisturizers, mineral oil, and petroleum jelly may help soothe affected skin and reduce the dryness which accompanies the build-up of skin on psoriatic plaques. Medicated creams and ointments applied directly to psoriatic plaques can help reduce inflammation, remove built-up scale, reduce skin turn over, and clear affected skin of plaques. Ointment and creams containing coal tar, dithranol (anthralin), corticosteroids like desoximetasone (Topicort), fluocinonide, vitamin D3, vitamin D3 analogues (for example, calcipotriol), and retinoids are routinely used. The use of the Finger tip unit may be helpful in guiding how much topical treatment to use.[34] The mechanism of action of each is probably different, but they all help to normalise skin cell production and reduce inflammation. Activated vitamin D and its analogues can inhibit skin cell proliferation. Vitamin E in skin cream and taken orally may help with psoriasis.

Some studies suggest psoriasis symptoms can be relieved by changes in diet and lifestyle. The severity of psoriasis symptoms may also be influenced by lifestyle habits related to alcohol, smoking, weight, sleep, stress and exercise.[43] Fasting periods, low energy diets and vegetarian diets have improved psoriasis symptoms in some studies,[42] and diets supplemented with fish oil (in this study cod liver oil) have also shown beneficial effects.[42] Fish oils are rich in the two omega-3 fatty acids eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA) and docosahexaenoic acid (DHA) and contain Vitamin E, furthermore cod liver oil contains Vitamin A and Vitamin D. Hemp oil helps with eczema and therefore it may help with psoriasis.

Oregon grape root has been found to have helped reduce patches of affected skin. The root can be found in health food stores and seems to also help reduce bacteria and infections stemming from psoriasis.

It has been suggested that cannabis might treat psoriasis, due to the anti-inflammatory properties of its cannabinoids, and the regulatory effects of THC on the immune system.[44] The adverse effects of cannabis might be overcome by use of more specific cannabinoid receptor medications,[45] to inhibit keratinocyte proliferation.[46]

Phototherapy in the form of sunlight has long been used effectively for treatment.[33] Wavelengths of 311–313 nm are most effective and special lamps have been developed for this application.[33] The amount of light used is determined by a persons skin type.[33] Increased rates of cancer from treatment appear to be small.[33]

Wikipedia Psoriasis Management

Red Eye

Red eye usually refers to hyperemia of the superficial blood vessels of the conjunctiva, sclera or episclera, and may be caused by diseases or disorders of these structures or adjacent structures that may affect them directly or indirectly.

The use of a cold washcloth over closed eyes helps to constrict blood flow within your eyes. This aids in reducing red eye because the restricted blood vessels stop pumping blood into your eye. Also, the cold washcloth helps add moisture to your eyes which will help get rid of any unwanted material within your eyes.

Wikipedia Red Eye (Medicine)

Rheumatoid Arthritis

Rheumatoid arthritis is a chronic inflammatory disease in which the immune system attacks the joints and other body parts.

Recently, greater intake of vitamin D was associated with a lower risk of RA, as well as a significant clinical improvement was strongly correlated with the immunomodulating potential in vitamin D-treated RA patients.[37][38]

Borage oil can be used to help treat rheumatoid arthritis. Taking borage oil can help to reduce the pain. Borage oil is a fatty acid containing Omega-3 that derived from the seeds of the borage plant. It is found primarily in supplements. Borage oil has been found successful in treating rheumatoid arthritis when 1.4-2.8 grams are taken daily for at least two months. Minor side effects include bloating, nausea, indigestion, and headache.

Hemp oil also contains Omega-3 and therefore may help treat arthritis.

Wikipedia Rheumatoid Arthritis Treatment

Seasonal Affective Disorder

Seasonal Affective Disorder, or SAD, is a mood disorder experienced during the winter months. Between September and April, an estimated half million people experience SAD every year. It is caused by a biochemical imbalance in the hypothalamus due to the shortened daylight hours and general lack of sunlight in the winter.

Symptoms include a general feeling of depression, not normally experienced throughout the rest of the year. SAD is more commonly found at latitudes north of 30°N and south of 30°S and rarely found in tropic regions.

There are many different treatments for classic (winter-based) seasonal affective disorder, including light therapy, medication, ionized-air administration, cognitive-behavioral therapy and carefully timed supplementation[24] of the hormone melatonin.

Photoperiod-related alterations of the duration of melatonin secretion may affect the seasonal mood cycles of SAD. This suggests that light therapy may be an effective treatment for SAD.[25] Light therapy uses a lightbox, or a SAD lamp, which emits far more lumens than a customary incandescent lamp. Bright white “full spectrum” light at 10,000 lux, blue light at a wavelength of 480 nm at 2,500 lux or green light at a wavelength of 500 nm at 350 lux are used, with the first-mentioned historically preferred.[26][27] A lightbox or SAD lamp does not emit UV light, so the imbalance may be corrected without resulting in skin damage.

Bright light therapy is effective[18] with the patient sitting a prescribed distance, commonly 30–60 cm, in front of the box with her/his eyes open but not staring at the light source[13] for 30–60 minutes. A 1995 study showed that green light therapy at doses of 350 lux produces melatonin suppression and phase shifts equivalent to 10,000 lux bright light therapy in winter depressives.[26] A study published in May 2010 suggests that the blue light often used for SAD treatment should perhaps be replaced by green or white illumination.[28] Discovering the best schedule is essential. One study has shown that up to 69% of patients find lightbox treatment inconvenient and as many as 19% stop use because of this.[13]A study from scientists in Finland has shown that bright light therapy delivered directly to photosensitive regions of the brain via the ear canal may also be an effective alternative to light box treatment. In studies 92% of SAD sufferers experienced total relief from their symptoms when receiving bright light treatment in this way. [29]

Dawn simulation has also proven to be effective; in some studies, there is an 83% better response when compared to other bright light therapy.[13] When compared in a study to negative air ionization, bright light was shown to be 57% effective vs. dawn simulation 50%.[8] Patients using light therapy can experience improvement during the first week, but increased results are evident when continued throughout several weeks.[13] Most studies have found it effective without use year round but rather as a seasonal treatment lasting for several weeks until frequent light exposure is naturally obtained.[12]

Light therapy can also consist of exposure to sunlight, either by spending more time outside[30] or using a computer-controlled heliostat to reflect sunlight into the windows of a home or office.[31][32]

SSRI (selective serotonin reuptake inhibitor) antidepressants have proven effective in treating SAD. Bupropion is also effective as a prophylactic.[14] Effective antidepressants are fluoxetine, sertraline, or paroxetine.[12][33] Both fluoxetine and light therapy are 67% effective in treating SAD according to direct head-to-head trials conducted during the 2006 Can-SAD study.[34] Subjects using the light therapy protocol showed earlier clinical improvement, generally within one week of beginning the clinical treatment.[12]

Negative air ionization, which involves releasing charged particles into the sleep environment, has been found effective with a 47.9% improvement if the negative ions are in sufficient density (quantity).[35][36][37] Depending upon the patient, one treatment (e.g., lightbox) may be used in conjunction with another (e.g., medication).[12]

Modafinil may be an effective and well-tolerated treatment in patients with seasonal affective disorder/winter depression.[38]

Alfred J. Lewy of Oregon Health & Science University and others see the cause of SAD as a misalignment of the sleep-wake phase with the body clock, circadian rhythms out of synch, and treat it with melatonin in the afternoon. Correctly timed melatonin administration shifts the rhythms of several hormones en bloc.[24]

Another explanation is that vitamin D levels are too low when people do not get enough Ultraviolet-B on their skin. An alternative to using bright lights is to take vitamin D supplements.[39][40][41][42] However, one study did not show a link between vitamin D levels and depressive symptoms in elderly Chinese.[43]

Wikipedia Seasonal Affective Disorder Treatment

Snake Bite

Snakebite first aid recommendations vary, in part because different snakes have different types of venom. Some have little local effect, but life-threatening systemic effects, in which case containing the venom in the region of the bite by pressure immobilization is desirable. Other venoms instigate localized tissue damage around the bitten area, and immobilization may increase the severity of the damage in this area, but also reduce the total area affected; whether this trade-off is desirable remains a point of controversy. Because snakes vary from one country to another, first aid methods also vary.

However, most first aid guidelines agree on the following:

  1. Protect the person and others from further bites. While identifying the species is desirable in certain regions, risking further bites or delaying proper medical treatment by attempting to capture or kill the snake is not recommended.
  2. Keep the person calm. Acute stress reaction increases blood flow and endangers the person. Panic is infectious and compromises judgment.
  3. Call for help to arrange for transport to the nearest hospital emergency room, where antivenom for snakes common to the area will often be available.
  4. Make sure to keep the bitten limb in a functional position and below the victim's heart level so as to minimize blood returning to the heart and other organs of the body.
  5. Do not give the person anything to eat or drink. This is especially important with consumable alcohol, a known vasodilator which will speed up the absorption of venom. Do not administer stimulants or pain medications to the victim, unless specifically directed to do so by a physician.
  6. Remove any items or clothing which may constrict the bitten limb if it swells (rings, bracelets, watches, footwear, etc.)
  7. Keep the person as still as possible.
  8. Do not incise the bitten site.

Many organizations, including the American Medical Association and American Red Cross, recommend washing the bite with soap and water. Australian recommendations for snake bite treatment recommend against cleaning the wound. Traces of venom left on the skin/bandages from the strike can be used in combination with a snake bite identification kit to identify the species of snake. This speeds determination of which antivenom to administer in the emergency room.

Wikipedia Snake Bite Treatment

Sore Throat

Spina Bifida

Spina bifida refers to a disorder involving the incomplete development of the brain, spinal cord and/or the protective coverings of a developing baby.

There is no single cause of spina bifida nor any known way to prevent it entirely. However, dietary supplementation with folic acid has been shown to be helpful in preventing spina bifida. Sources of folic acid include whole grains, fortified breakfast cereals, dried beans, leaf vegetables and fruits.[43]

Folate fortification of enriched grain products has been mandatory in the United States since 1998. The U.S. Food and Drug Administration, Public Health Agency of Canada[44] and UK recommended amount of folic acid for women of childbearing age and women planning to become pregnant is at least 0.4 mg/day of folic acid from at least three months before conception, and continued for the first 12 weeks of pregnancy.[45] Women who have already had a baby with spina bifida or other type of neural tube defect, or are taking anticonvulsant medication should take a higher dose of 4–5 mg/day.[45]

Wikipedia Spina Bifida Prevention

Sprain

The first modality for a strain can be remembered using the acronym RICE.<ref>

</ref> The treatment of sprains depends on the extent of injury and the joint involved. Weight bearing should be gradual and advanced as tolerated.<ref>Sprain and Strain Symptoms and Treatment About Network. Retrieved on 2010-01-26</ref>

  • Rest: The sprain should be rested. No additional force should be applied on site of the sprain. In case of, for example, a sprained ankle, walking should be kept to a minimum.<ref name=“AAOS”>

    </ref>

  • Ice: Ice should be applied immediately to the sprain to reduce swelling and pain. It can be applied for 10-15 minutes at a time (longer application of ice may cause damage instead of healing), 3-4 times a day. Ice can be combined with a wrapping to minimize swelling and provide support.<ref name=“AAOS”/>
  • Compression: Dressings, bandages, or ace-wraps should be used to immobilize the sprain and provide support. When wrapping the injury, more pressure should be applied at the far end of the injury and decrease in the direction of the heart, the reason for this is that it causes unnecessary fluid to be flushed back up the blood stream easier in order to be recycled. Compression should not cut off the circulation of the limb.<ref name=“AAOS”/>
  • Elevate: Keeping the sprained joint elevated (in relation to the rest of the body) will also help to minimize swelling.<ref name=“AAOS”/>

Ice and compression (cold compression therapy) will not completely stop swelling and pain, but will help to minimize them as the sprain begins to heal itself. Careful management of swelling is critical to the healing process as additional fluid may pool in the sprained area.

The joint should be exercised again fairly soon, in milder cases from 1 to 3 days after injury.<ref name=familydoctor>Ankle Sprains: Healing and Preventing Injury Written by familydoctor.org editorial staff. American Academy of Family Physicians. Reviewed/Updated: 08/06. Created: 01/96 </ref> Special exercises are sometimes needed in order to regain strength and help reduce the risk of ongoing problems. The joint may need to be supported by taping or bracing, helping protect it from re-injury.<ref name=familydoctor/>

Alternating hot and cold packs on the affected area is also thought to be helpful, as it stimulates blood flow and helps damaged tissue to mend.

Another treatment is ginger root. All that one has to do is heat the ginger root, cut it up, and apply it, with pressure, to the affected area (using a fabric to wrap it all together) until the pain subsides. Repeat the heating and wrapping of the affected area until it is healed. Do not use this method if the affected person has any allergies to Ginger.

Also, medications like non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs can relieve pain.

Wikipedia Sprain Treatment

Stinging Nettle

Stomach Ache

Abdominal pain (or stomach ache) can be one of the symptoms associated with transient disorders or serious disease. Making a definitive diagnosis of the cause of abdominal pain can be difficult, because many diseases can result in this symptom. Abdominal pain is a common problem. Most frequently the cause is benign and/or self-limited, but more serious causes may require urgent intervention. If the stomach pain is mild or the cause is mild indigestion, the treatments below may be enough, if the stomach pain is severe or the pain is mild but persists or you are worried that the pain could mean something more, then get a diagnosis from a doctor. If you're continually having stomach problems, you can ask your doctor for a Heidelberg test, which will determine if your stomach has too much or too little acid.

One of the common diagnosis of a mild stomach ache is indigestion, which can be aided by uncooked rice.

A treatment for a mild case is soda pop and crackers. If the stomach ache occurs because of higher levels of stomach acid, crackers will help by neutralizing acids in the stomach. If the stomach ache occurs because of excess air bubbles in the stomach, the carbonation from the pop will help by releasing some of the air bubbles through burping. One hazard of this technique is, depending on the severity of the upset stomach, the crackers and the pop may not stay down long enough. It is best to take a little at a time, and make sure the pop is not too cold. If it is too cold, the coldness may shock the already upset stomach. Any bland crackers will work for this. Saltines are good, as well as club crackers. It is important to make sure that the pop is non-caffeinated, because caffeine can make an upset stomach worse.

Gatorade may treat mild stomach aches. It's most useful to drink two to three bottles a day for as long as symptoms persist. Depending on the individuals taste preferences it may be best to drink one of the less sweet flavors like lemon-lime as opposed to fruit punch. Too much of such a sweet drink can make it very unappealing after a while, or even cause the symptoms to worsen.

Another treatment for mild stomach pain are antacids. Found in brands such as Rolaid and Tums, these chewable tablets help with the digestion process and a cure for a stomach ache. They can also cure acid ingestion, heartburn, gas and a sour stomach. It is recommended to chew these tablets before you swallow them as this helps speed the process to your digestion system. Recommended dosage is 2 to 4 tablets 4 times a day after meals and before you go to sleep. After you take this follow it up with a small glass of water or another liquid. Doctors suggest that one should not take antacids if the person shows signs appendicitis or an inflamed bowel; these symptoms can include stomach or lower abdominal pain, cramping, bloating, soreness, nausea, or vomiting. Also if one has an extreme allergic reaction to aluminum it is recommended to not take antacids as a majority of these tablets have aluminum in them. Any person taking another prescription drug should also consult a doctor before taking antacids.

Another treatment is peppermint tea. Peppermint is a plant that has long been used for medicinal purposes, including curing upset stomachs. Drinking peppermint eases the muscles in the stomach that aid in digestion. If the upset stomach is caused by cramped muscles, the peppermint will ease the muscles and let the stomach bile and acids flow smoothly. Peppermint tea will not be as effective if the cause of the nausea is food poisoning. Peppermint tea should not be used if the stomach ache is caused by gastoesophageal reflux disease.

Licorice root may help heal inflammation of the stomach. When taken, it coats the stomach membrane with mucous to reduce the damage done to the membrane by stomach acids and kills “Helicobactor pylori”, a bacteria associated with stomach inflammation. Although licorice appears to be useful in many ways, side effects accompany prolonged use. These include hypertension, water retention, sodium retention and loss of potassium. These symptoms have caused health authorities to recommend that its usage not exceed four to six weeks, and that a diet high in potassium be consumed during the treatment period.[3]

Another treatment is burnt toast. You can put butter or jam on it to make it taste better but make sure to eat the black part. The charcoal from the burning of the toast will absorb bacteria in your digestive tract that may be making you ill. The charcoal will then carry the bacteria all the way through your system and out. This works because the charcoal absorbs the bacteria but your body will not later reabsorb the charcoal. You may eat the burnt toast alone or with other things depending on how you feel. The only risk associated with this remedy is the risk of failure. If you are experiencing nausea and eat burnt toast and it doesn’t work you may see the toast again all too soon.

Ginger tea or ginger ale, with real ginger in the ingredients not just ginger flavor, may help with mild stomach aches.

Another treatment is kombucha.

Another treatment is yogurt.

As people get older, the acid production of the stomach drops. If the stomach ache occurs because of low levels of stomach acid, drinking acidic fluids will help. A tablespoon of apple cider vinegar, will make the stomach acidic enough if it isn't already. Kombucha also has acid, and would help in the same way, but since it is not concentrated acetic acid you have to take more to get the same effect. Junk food drinks like Coke and Pepsi will also help the problem of insufficient acid, however because they are junk you should only use them if healthy food is not available.

A method to relieve just the nausea part of the stomach ache is to press firmly on your breastbone with three fingers. Breathe slowly and deeply; in through your nose, and out through your mouth. Nausea will begin to lessen in about two minutes, as the energy in your body begins to flow again. This remedy is useful when combined with the treatments above to give immediate nausea relief while the treatment eventually deals with the root cause of the stomach ache.

Wikipedia Stomach Ache Management

Stress

Common Symptoms of excessive stress:

  • Regularly walking, eating, or working in a hurried way.
  • Thinking and worrying excessively about the past or future.
  • Frequent tension in the body (esp. neck, face, shoulders, back and chest, and stomach) which often goes unnoticed until one slows down, breaths deep and carefully surveys the body. Sometimes leads to tension headaches or migraines.
  • Feeling of the “weight of the world” on your shoulders.
  • Feeling emotionally on edge or uncharacteristically irritable.
  • Regular tiredness during the day.
  • Significant need for outside stimulation to feel good (coffee/caffeine, sweeteners, food, sex, TV, alcohol, money, accomplishments, etc.)

The most common way to help reduce stress is to try to make life as stress-free as possible. This may include getting activities out of the way that are causing your stress or constantly reminding you that you shouldn't be stressed out, especially about small things. Exercise is a great long term reducer of stress. Enrolling in an exercise class such as yoga or dancing has been shown to significantly reduce stress over time. Massage is another natural way to reduce stress. Another simple way of becoming stress free is cleaning around your environment. It clears the mind and is a light exercise. Cleaning allows for a cleaner more relaxing environment to work in. Working in a more relaxed environment lets the mind focus on what’s important. Sleep is another terrific method of getting rid of stress.

A good way to help reduce stress is to use meditation. Meditation, when practiced in the correct way, helps to achieve a healthier state for mind and body in many different ways. Some examples of its affects: it decreases the heart rate and blood pressure, affects the metabolism by reducing chemical byproducts of stress (which can be detrimental to physical health) and it induces favorable brain waves. Essentially, meditation leads to what is called the “relaxation response” which is the body’s response to the act of relaxing: certain affects on the respiratory system, brain chemistry, heart rate, and blood pressure. These responses are extremely beneficial to the overall physical and mental health of a human in many different ways including the reduction of stress and strengthening of the immune system. Meditation in its many different forms is found across the global culture, the differences lie in its practices and the cultural understanding of its purposes. There are many different forms of meditation some involving complete stillness while others involve movement. Meditation is free, it requires only your time and effort. There are different forms of meditation and prayer. Most involve sitting quietly for fifteen to twenty minutes, focusing on a particular word or symbol, controlling breathing, and getting in touch with the inner self. Practiced by Eastern religions for centuries, meditation is an effective form of introspection and personal renewal.

Another treatment for stress is burning incense. The odor helps calm the body from stress and overstimulation.

Another way to reduce stress is creating beauty, especially in such a physical way as playing a musical instrument or singing. In addition to reducing stress, playing and singing music excercises the body; singing, for example, strengthens the diaphragm, stomach muscles, lungs, and respiratory system in general. Along with singing and listening to music talking aloud can help relieve stress through expression of problems. Though it looks weird talking to ones self can help relieve stress by organizing thoughts and just letting what is bothering you out. Talking to trusted individual such as a friend, family member or doctor about what is stressing you out can really help relieve the stress that is taking over your life. Letting what is bothering you out through talking an effective way to relieve stress.

Another treatment for stress is St. John's wort. An active ingredient in St. John's wort is hypericin, which is commonly used in treating depression. Many research studies claim St. John's wort to be of great use, while others deny its effectiveness. If taken in a tea form, it should be drunk three times daily, and it will take about a month to really determine its efficacy. There are some side effects, but fewer than with some prescription anti-depressant drugs. Some effects include sensitivity to sunlight, fatigue, and upset stomach.

Wikipedia Stress Psychological

Stye

An external stye, also hordeolum, is an infection of the sebaceous glands of Zeis at the base of the eyelashes, or an infection of the apocrine sweat glands of Moll.[1] External styes form on the outside of the lids and can be seen as small red bumps. Internal styes are infections of the meibomian sebaceous glands lining the inside of the eyelids. They also cause a red bump underneath the lid with only generalized redness and swelling visible on the outside. Styes are similar to chalazia, but tend to be of smaller size and are more painful and usually produce no lasting damage. Styes are characterized by an acute onset and usually short in duration (7–10 days without treatment) compared to chalazia that are chronic and usually do not resolve without intervention.

The primary mode of treatment for a stye is application of warm compresses. Incision and drainage is performed if resolution does not begin in the next 48 hours after warm compresses are started.

As a part of self-care at home, patients may cleanse the affected eyelid with tap water or with a mild, nonirritating soap or shampoo (such as baby shampoo) to help clean crusted discharge. Another meathod is to heat a hard boiled egg, poke hole in the bottom, and use the tip of the egg for a more direct heating source for the stye. Cleansing must be done gently and while the eyes are closed to prevent eye injuries.[11]

Patients are highly advised to not lance the stye, as serious infection can occur as a result. The infection could spread to the surrounding tissues and areas.

Eye stye sufferers should avoid eye makeup (e.g., eyeliner), lotions and wearing contact lenses, since these can aggravate and spread the infection (sometimes to the cornea).

Another treatment is to moisten a non-herbal tea bag with hot water and place on the infected eye for ten to fifteen minutes. The tea, which is rich in medicinal properties, helps draw out the infection in the eye, and relieves swelling. For best results, use a Japanese Green tea made with Ban-cha leaves.

Another way to help rid of a sty would be to use an eye cup. The eye cup can be used to clean out the eye and wash out the glands. The idea is to use the cup three to four times daily with warm (NOT HOT) water mixed with a little bit of sulphur. Blink as many times as possible for about 45 seconds.

Wikipedia Stye Treatment

Sunburn Skin

The most important aspects of sunburn care are to avoid exposure to the sun while healing and to take precautions to prevent future burns. The best treatment for most sunburns is time. Most sunburns heal completely within a few weeks. Home treatments that help manage the discomfort or facilitate the healing process include using cool and wet cloths on the sunburned areas, taking frequent cold showers or baths, and applying soothing lotions to the sunburn areas. One good lotion is Noxzema, which feels better if you store the Noxzema in a drawer because the cream naturally maintains a cool level which feels incredible on a sun burned skin. Apply enough Noxzema to cover the sunburn completely; and apply a minimum of two to three times a day. Some Noxzema moisturizers come with Aloe Vera, if your skin is sensitive to Aloe Vera use a different kind of Noxzema without Aloe Vera; otherwise Aloe Vera is a good ingredient in any cream.

If Noxzema or another lotion is not enough to relieve the pain, you could try lotion with topical steroids, such as 1% hydrocortisone cream.

The peeling that comes after some sunburn is unstoppable. However, lotion may relieve the itching. Acetaminophen (such as Tylenol), nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (such as Ibuprofen or Naproxen), and Aspirin have all been shown to reduce the pain of sunburns.[33]

In order to prevent sunburn, the amount of UV radiation reaching the skin must be reduced. The strength of sunlight is published in many locations as a UV index. The World Health Organization recommends to limit time in the midday sun (between 10 a.m. and 4 p.m.), to watch the UV index, to seek shade, to wear protective clothing and a wide-brim hat, and to use sunscreen.[26] Sunlight is generally strongest when the sun is close to the highest point in the sky. Due to time zones and daylight saving time, this is not necessarily at 12 p.m., but often one to two hours later.

Commercial preparations are available that block UV light, known as sunscreens or sunblocks. They have a sunburn protection factor (SPF) rating, based on the sunblock's ability to suppress sunburn: The higher the SPF rating the lower the amount of direct DNA damage. A sunscreen rated as SPF 10 blocks 90% of the sunburn-causing UVB radiation; an SPF20-rated sunscreen blocks 95%. Modern sunscreens contain filters for UVA radiation as well as UVB. The stated protection factors are correct only if 2 μl of sunscreen is applied per square cm of exposed skin. This translates into about 28 ml (1 oz) to cover the whole body of an adult male, which is much more than many people use in practice. Although UVA radiation does not cause sunburn, it does contribute to skin aging and an increased risk of skin cancer. Many sunscreens provide broad-spectrum protection, meaning that they protect against both UVA and UVB radiation.

Research has shown that the best protection is achieved by application 15 to 30 minutes before exposure, followed by one reapplication 15 to 30 minutes after exposure begins. Further reapplication is necessary only after activities such as swimming, sweating, and rubbing.[27] This varies based on the indications and protection shown on the label — from as little as 80 minutes in water to a few hours, depending on the product selected.

When one is exposed to any artificial source of occupational UV, special protective clothing (for example, welding helmets/shields) should be worn.

There is also evidence that common foods may have some protective ability against sunburn if taken for a period before the exposure.[28] Beta-carotene and lycopene, chemicals found in tomatoes and other fruit, have been found to increase the skin's ability to resist the effects of UV light. In a 2007 study, after about ten to twelve weeks of eating tomato derived products, a decrease in sensitivity toward UV was observed in volunteers. Ketchup and tomato puree are both high in lycopene.[29] Dark chocolate rich in flavonoids has also been found to have a similar effect if eaten for long periods before exposure.

Wikipedia Sunburn Treatment

Tooth Ache

Tooth Discoloration

Upset Stomach

An upset stomach is a type of stomach ache and the treatments for a stomach ache may be used.

Wikipedia Stomach Ache Management

Wikipedia Upset Stomach Treatment

Warts

A hard rough lump growing on the skin, caused by infection with certain viruses, usually a papomavirus, and occurring typically on the hands or feet.

A free treatment is morning spit. The morning spit is a key to the cure of warts because is has the fresh bacteria that is in your mouth when you wake up from your sleep. Brushing your teeth kills the bacteria. To make this effective, one must spit on the wart and let is dry before washing yourself every morning until the wart is gone. Within a week or so, you may see an improvement.

Several randomized, controlled trials have found that zinc sulfate, consumed orally, often reduces or eliminates warts,[19][20][21]. The zinc sulfate dosage used in medical trials for treatment of warts was between 5 and 10 mg/kg/day. For elemental zinc, a lower dosage of 2.5 mg/kg/day may be appropriate as large amounts of zinc may cause a copper deficiency[19]. Other trials have found that topical zinc sulfate solution[22] or zinc oxide[23] are also effective.

Another treatment is to apply a paste of baby powder and aloe vera gel to the wart.

An over the counter treatment is salicylic acid. There are typically two types of products: adhesive pads treated with salicylic acid or a bottle of concentrated salicylic acid solution. Removing a wart with salicylic acid can be done by cleaning the area, applying the acid, and removing the dead skin with a pumice stone or emery board. It may take up to a year to remove a wart.

Another treatment is going to the doctor and getting the wart frozen off.

Wikipedia Wart Treatment

Disclaimer

The information presented is for informational purposes only and is not intended as a substitute for advice from your physician or other health care professional. You should consult with a health care professional before starting any diet, exercise or supplementation program, before taking any medication, or if you have or suspect you might have a health problem.


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