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Sydney, New South Wales, Australia

Sydney is the capital city of the Australian state of New South Wales, and is the most recognised Australian city worldwide, and is also the largest city in the country. Sydney is the most visited city by tourists, and is renowned for its beaches, harbour attractions and also its weather and lifestyle. This article will give readers information that they may find useful when visiting the city.

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Sydney 1)

Geography and Climate

The city of Sydney is located on the central eastern coast of Australia. It has a population of approximately 4.6 million people, making the most populated Australian city 2). The central business district is on the edge of Sydney Harbour, which opens to the Tasman Sea.

The climate of Sydney is classified as temperate, with warm summers and mild winters. The average years temperature is 21.7 degrees Celsius (71 degrees Fahrenheit), with the warmest month being January with an average temperature of 25.9 degrees Celsius (79 degrees Fahrenheit) and the coolest month being July, with an average of 16.3 degrees Celsius (61 degrees Fahrenheit). Sydney has consistent rain throughout the year, with the wettest month being March with an average of 129.8mm (5 inches) with similar falls in April, May and June 3).

History

The greater Sydney are was originally inhabited by the Eora and Gadigal aboriginal tribes, who were believed to have been in the area for more than 40,000 years. In 1788, the first white settlers landed in Sydney, at Botany Bay on a boat named the HMAS Endeavour, which was led by Captain James Cook. There was a penal colony developed near the banks of the harbour and this is believed to be the first European settlement of Australia. The city continued to grow and was officially declared a city in 1842. The mid 1800's saw big advancement in the city, with several key structures built, such as the government house, Sydney University and the Sydney Observatory.

The population of Sydney continued to grow, and in the early 1900's passed the 500,000 mark. The early 1900's also saw the opening of the Sydney Airport and Taronga Zoo. In 1932 the iconic Sydney Harbour Bridge was opened and by the mid 1950's the population was nearing 2 million people. The famous Sydney Opera House was opened in 1972, and in the year 2000 Sydney was thrust into the world's limelight when it held the Olympic Games 4).

Accommodation

Sydney has a vast range of accommodation available which can be found in most parts of the city, with the major concentration being in the city and along the harbour, along with most beach side suburbs. You can find accommodation to fit all tastes and budgets, ranging from caravan parks to 5 star hotels and resorts.

Food

Sydney, like the rest of Australia, is a very multicultural city. You can find food from just about every country and culture from around the world, along with world famous seafood restaurants where you can sample the fresh local catch.

Transport

Sydney has an excellent transport network, with wide streets and express ways along with a efficient public transport network. You can use the bus,train or ferry services to any part of the city or outer suburbs, or if you prefer to drive there are many care hire options. For tips on driving in Sydney and New South Wales please see this site http://www.sydney.com/destinations/sydney/transport/driving-in-sydney.

Sydney Harbour Bridge

The Sydney Harbour Bridge is one of the most recognised and iconic locations in Sydney and Australia. It was officially opened in 1932 and took six years to construct. It is located on the northern edge of the central business district and serves as a connection for traffic across the harbour with many thousand cars crossing it daily. You can view the bridge from Sydney Cove, or take one of the many cruises that are on offer from many different operators. For those who like to be a little more daring, you can take a guided climb to the upper reaches of the bridge and take in the breathtaking view across the harbour and the city.

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Sydney Harbour Bridge 5)

Sydney Opera House

The Sydney Opera House is also one of the most iconic and well known structures in Sydney and Australia. It is located right in the city and in the shadows of the Sydney Harbour Bridge. The building is renowned for its unique shape and location on the harbour. The opera house is a cultural centre and hosts a variety of performing artists and concerts. You can take a guided tour of this magnificent structure or catch one of the many shows at the venue.

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Sydney Opera House 6)

Sydney Harbour

Sydney Harbour is a great place in which to get a great view of the harbour bridge and opera house, however there are may more attractions along the water, such as Cockatoo Island, Shark Island and the Sydney Heads. You can also see all of the stunning harbour side homes, including Kirribilli House, which is the residence of the Prime Minister. There are many tour operators who run short or long cruises along the harbour, or you can see the city by night on one of the evening dinner cruises.

Bondi Beach

Bondi Beach is perhaps the most recognised and famous beach in Australia. It is renowned for its beautiful blue water, great surfing waves and golden sand. Bondi Beach is host to millions of tourists every year, with many celebrities visiting the beach regularly. The beach has lifeguards and life savers on duty all year round, so you can choose to spend a day on the beach or enjoy a cool drink or coffee in one of the many cafes along the foreshore.

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Bondi Beach 7)

Taronga Zoo

Taronga Zoo is located in Mosman, which is on the northern side of the harbour, with the best way of getting there being via ferry across the harbour. The zoo is home to many native and international animals, and is one of Australia's largest and oldest zoos. There are several activities which you can partake in, including guided tours or one of the interactive experiences such as feeding native animals. It is advised to plan an entire day here, as there are many things to see and do.

Luna Park

Luna Park is located in located at Milsons Point, which is on the northern side of the harbour. The best way to access the park is via ferry across the harbour. Luna Park is an amusement park and is open all year round, with many attractions and rides such as thrill rides, ferris wheel, slides and many fun side shows. It is open day or night and promises much fun for adults and children alike.

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Luna Park 8)

Australia | Travel

2) City of Sydney. 2013, 'Metropolitan Sydney', Available: http://www.cityofsydney.nsw.gov.au/learn/about-sydney/metropolitan-sydney
3) Weatherzone, 2013, 'Sydney', Available: http://www.weatherzone.com.au/climate/station.jsp
4) Local Histories.org, 2013, 'Sydney', Available: http://www.localhistories.org/sydneytime.html
6) Sydney Opera House by Shannon Hobbs licence CC 2.0, http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Circular_Quay,_Sydneyoperahhouse.jpg
7) Bondi Beach by Adam.J.W.C. licence CC 2.5, http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Bondi_1.jpg

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