Six Leadership Styles According to Daniel Goleman

According to Daniel Goleman there are six different leadership styles. Every style has it's own positive and negative effects, and works best in a certain situation. Goleman claims it's best to switch up styles. Even though he considers the visionary style as the most effective, it isn't the most effective in certain situations. Knowing when to use which style is what distinguishes a good leader from a great one.

i.imgur.com_rpgqy9k.jpg Daniel Goleman

Commanding Style

The leader tells his employees exactly what to do, and they have no say in it. They have to follow the leader's strict orders no matter what. Employees have little to no freedom. This style is only effective when there is a problem with either the employees or the company. The phrase of this style is: “Do what I tell you.”

Visionary Style

The leader has a goal and wants to reach this goal with the help of his/her staff. The staff should follow the leader. The employees have freedom, but will have to work towards a goal. This style works best when setting up a new idea or goal. This is, according to Goleman, the most effective style. The phrase of this style is: “Come with me.”

Affiliative Style

The leader sets his employees in the first place. (S)he is trying to create a strong emotional bond with his/her employees. This will motivate employees a lot and get them out of stressful situations. It will also create the bond between an employee and employer. The phrase of this style is: “People come first.”

Democratic Style

This style gives employees a voice in the company. They can vote on new ideas, and sometimes even propose their own ideas. This gives the employees a lot of freedom. This style improves the teamwork and communication in a company. The phrase of this style is: “What do you think?”

Pacesetting Style

This is a very abstract style. The leader sets extremely high standards for performance. And once these standards are reached, the leader will increase the standards again. This will improve the performance on the short note, but will have a very negative effect in the long run. The phrase of this style is: “Do as I do, now.”

Coaching Style

This style focusses on developing the employees. The leader wants to train his employees so they will improve in the future. This style works best with new or inexperienced employees. The phrase of this style is: “Try this.”


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