People's Effect on the Ottomans


  • Timur from Samarkand in Central Asia, interrupted the rise of the Ottoman Empire during the 15th century.
  • Timur conquered Russia, Persia and northern India, however died on his way to conquer China.
  • Timur captured Mecca and Medina, the holiest cities of Islam and Cairo.
  • Timur expanded the Ottoman Empire into Syria, Palestine, and North Africa.


  • In the west, he was called Othman, and his followers were known as the Ottomans.
  • As the first Ottoman leader, he built a small state in Anatolia that his successors would expand.
  • He died not realizing that his conquests marked the birth one of history’s largest and longest-lived empires.
  • He formed societies under “Emir” or “Chief Commander”, his tribe is mostly made of conquered soldiers.

Mehmed II

  • He is called “The Conqueror” for leading the Ottomans into conquering Constantinople.
  • He was a warrior who became a ruler, in which turned Hagia Sophia into a mosque.
  • He changed the name of Constantinople to Istanbul.
  • He also brought to the end of the Byzantine Empire.

Suleyman I

  • The Ottoman reached it’s peak size during Suleyman’s reign.
  • He was known as the “Lawgiver” and as “the Magnificent”
  • He expanded the Ottoman Empire into Central Europe, North Africa, and Central Asia as a military leader.
  • As a political leader, he streamlined the government bureaucracy, simplified the system of taxation, and revamped the laws of the empire.

Selim the Grim

  • He was a great general and ruler in 1512.
  • He defeated the Safavids in the battle of Battle of Chaldiran.
  • Majorly expanded the Ottoman Empire during 1516 to 1517.
  • Was responsible for Mecca and Medina.


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