Magic Without Wands: An Introduction to Accidentally Magical People And Their Work

Leave Your Wands At Home

If you are taking the History of Muggle Magic course, some of you will need time to orient your perspective so you can actually view the course of history from a magical viewpoint. The others will already be studying astrology in their free time, staring at invisible faeries as they supposedly saunter by, and carrying a selenite wand on their hip. They do not need any perspective adjusting to study this history because it is the history of the culture they have chosen.

This is meant to be for all histories. Why would you study the history of a culture if you didn't try to immerse yourself into that culture? Why would bother learning about a particular history if do not respect the story they are telling? Who's retelling of the history of China would you find more insightful; a westerner who doesn't care about Chinese culture or the people in it, or a westerner who appreciates Chinese culture and can see themselves in it? This may be a tough exercise for you but there is no avoiding it. Go through this course with an attitude that magic isn't real and you will find a course that has little to offer.

You will be happy to discover that this author can empathize with your disdain for all the focus on faeries and potions and spells. While you may get fidgity if regular person mentions their interest in astrology, we too become frustrated when we see someone who we think are losing touch with reality for a magical story. It would be one thing if the people who put out food for the faeries actually saw the food disappear, but when that fucking food sits on a plate all the time, and nothing eats it but bugs, shouldn't it even make a magical believer question the practice? And what about those hippies who go too far into psychedelics? Hallucinogenic plants can be a very magical and sacred thing, but some people take it too far. We don't doubt that they aren't seeing something; we strongly suspect what they are seeing has nothing to do with a magical reality and has everything to do with the fact that they've taken mushroom 15 times now in the last three weeks. Losing grip on everyday reality to the point were bodily functions are hard to manage is not a sign of magical success. Atheists and skeptics, we feel your pain when it comes to frustrating magical people.

So trust us when we say that we understand the frustration that comes with observing those who claim to be living a life from the magical perspective. The reality is that no one perspective, be it religious, scientific, or magical, has no bad eggs in it. There are bad eggs in the scientific perspective, there are bad eggs in the religious perspective, and no doubt are there bad eggs in the magical perspective. But the converse is also true and there are good eggs to be seen within each perspective as well. They may not be your cup of tea but one shouldn't deny that they can be a good thing for some people. If you don't find this to be the case, particularly in regards with magic, allow this article to be a suggestion of two exemplary people.

Today we are going to explore what magic is and how the greatest symbol of magic, the wand, is of no use for us. That is right; leave your wands at home! We don't need them whatsoever to study magic, and the biggest surprise of all…you don't need a wand to be a recognized as a successful magician, either. Some of the biggest names in magical history, as we shall see, never picked up a wand. This is not to deny that magical people and magical organizations make use of something like awand. This much is very true. The point is to say there are magical people in history who never picked up a wand and never cast a spell under a full moon. Magic is more than the ceremony it has become known by. It is vital to break this meme of the cloaked hermit person who casts spells on their enemies as the image of magic. This author invites you to shed your image of what magic is and open your mind to what you will see today as a more fitting example of magic.

The Great Work Of The Alchemists

A Brief Overview

Magic has many iterations and forms. Generally speaking, the feminine form is found in the herbalism and natural magic known to be practiced by the witches of the middle ages. The more masculine form involves mental operations and philosophical conceptions of the universe, such as the Tree of Life studied in the Kabbalah by western occultists. There is no clear line of distinction in practice and many practioners of magic pursue a balance of connection to the earth and more lofty connections with the divine source. Although it's worthy of noting that the herbalist type where much more severely persecuted than the philosophical type (because of the inherent patriarchy in western society). This is proof positive that there is a distinction to be made.

Alchemy was an interesting blend of the two distinct aspects of feminine and masculine magic. During the latter stages of the Middle Ages (1000-1500), the scientific method was just beginning to be formed. We didn't have our modern way of approaching the universe for established facts the way we do today. We didn't have electricity for another hundreds of years, no steam engine, no trains, no automatic tools, and we hadn't investigated nature in the ways that Francis Bacon and Isaac Netwon had in the Renaissance. Alchemy then had been one of the first solid efforts by a group of people over generations that attempted to find answers to the question of just one thing in nature; metals. Other than very rudimentary understandings how how to high up metal to high enough temperatures to mold it according to our liking, we didn't know much about what those metals were. We could find it by digging it certain places, but we didn't have the technology to create mines like we do today. So the metals that we did have were extremely precious. It's hard to imagine how precious these were, but its safe to say that hardly any metal was thrown out.

Metal was vitally important in the development of mankind. We now classify our evolutionary history with titles that represent the importance of metals as we discovered their uses. There was a bronze age, an iron age, etc. No one can look around the metal structures that line our skies today and not pay homage to whomever put the time an effort to work with these metals.

One can see that with metals and their usefulness (especially when applied to the incredible temparatures of fire), humankind was destined to investigate and use metals. Because the Earth seemingly provided mankind with these special benefits not conferred onto any other species, we were wont to find out its secrets. Did the Earth really just have metal sitting in its rock under ground? Couldn't it be possible taht the Earth produces gold, that it creates gold? And what is a better definition of man than one who observes nature and tries to replicate it for their own purposes? If the furnance of the Earth could create precious metals like gold and silver, coudn't mankind discover its secrets and have unlimited gold? At the time, many believe this was going to be possible, and so they set out to begin their testing with the vigor and excitement one has when approaching a new frontier. History books follow the story up until this point, recognizing the alchemists as the first chemists. They were scientists trying to understand the essence of these metals, where they came from, and if man could repeat these feats without nature's processes. But that is not all they were doing.

Muggle Magic Begins Where Official History Ends

The question of whether the alchemists ever succeeded remains a mystery to some but not to others. No one today seemingly has a formula to create gold from simple metals like lead, at least not a cheap formula. One man has proven to make gold from , and as such has proven the alchemist were right in a way. Since the cost of this process is so dramatically high, it has no wealth application, however. So if no one is doing it (at a price worth doing), it must not be true. This is where a History of Muggle Magic importantly steps in to fill the gaps.

If the alchemist legend was true and you could convert base metals into precious metals, what if there was a caveat? It is fact that you technically can turn other metals into gold. All metals are made of atoms, whose nucleus is composed of protons and neutrons. We identify atoms by their proton count. The proton count can change with existing atoms, and we have learned certain techniques to manipulate the proton count of an atom so that it actually transforms into another atom. David J. Morrissey of Michigan State University is just one scientist working on something like this. They have been able to take bismuth and transmute some of it into gold 1). The problem is that they can do this on a miniscule scale and at ridiculously great cost. The legend of alchemy was real, it just wasn't worth it. With that caveat, the secret of the alchemists was laid bare in an unexciting site. Well…at least the physical metaphor of alchemy wasn't worth it.

Alchemy is the harmony of opposites. We mentioned earlier it was a unique expression of both masculine and feminine principles. It is not one or the other but a beautiful integration of the two, of which the yin/yang symbol so eloquently represents. The general premise of alchemy was that you could take simple metals like lead and transmute it into gold. Lead was like black and gold was like white (since each color of this symbol plays an equal role, you can represent these so that gold is black and lead is white). You could take the simple, the mundane, the common, and transform it into something special, something rare, something sacred. Transforming lead into gold may have been technically real (or at least the implication of taking a non precious metal and turning it into a precious metal), but its “metaphorical” implications were devastatingly real.

This process is where the real magic of alchemy happened. Because as these alchemists were staring into the fire with their metallic experiments, more than something physical was happening. Their precise measurements of things, their ritual to proceed finding their answers, their fire for transforming the metals, all of this was like an unintentional magical ritual. The purpose of ritual magic serves more than one function, more than just expecting the outside world to conform to your will. More importantly, a ritual serves the purpose of aiding mental, emotional, and spiritual inner activity in the direction you which to change. With the alchemists having the loftiest of intentions to transform the mundane into the sacred, they accidentally stumbled upon formulas and other means to stimulate ways to transform themselves from the outside in using accidental magical ritual. The act of focusing their will on the metals transforming in this way was all a ritualistic reflection. They became the metal that was to be transformed.

The alchemists chose to continue with their metallic descriptions as a metaphor for internal work. This allowed them to communicate with one another through written word and symbols with security. No one could say they were speaking of anti Christian work, they were honestly just speaking about metals! The work continued for them as a means to spread the word about this wonderful discovery. Not the transmutation of metals…that meant nothing compared to the willed transformation of man himself! Who denies they wouldn't want something like this? Who doesn't strive endlessly throughout their lives to change aspects about themselves that seem immutable, inpenetrable to their action? The metaphorical alchemist works with non physical things like personality, character, pride, ambition, vices, and these sorts of things.

Internal Transmutation Is Extremely Difficult

If you have never put intention to it, try and radicaly alter your habits. Start waking up at 4 a.m. every day for a year. How many will accomplish this without fail? Only those who have a determined will to accomplish this will do it. The vast majority will be unable to change their habits when they want to. Or go for a month with never crossing your legs, if you are a leg crosser. Our unconscious habits are deeply ingrained within our pysche. You will probably fail at this task over and over again. Only the most determined willpower will sustain you until the habit is slowly replaced. The alchemist was looking inward at his habits and seeing if he could transform them. He specifically honed in on the parts that required cleansing, or the parts that held him back, and attempted to transform them into parts that exhaulted him. This work was so difficult because so much of what we do is determined by our unconscious and subconscious mind. When the human being was put into the perspective of the alchemist, they hoped to create not just gold, but a golden man. The creation of gold from other metals would have been no doubt fascinating. But the creation of a man who was completely in control of his internal faculties, to the extent that this man's purpose on this planet was fully utilized for the betterment of the whole world, that was known as the Great Work. Nothing could be higher or more lofty than transforming the mundane and worthless parts of an indivudal into something redeemable, something glorious. But nothing was more laborious and difficult, either. Who would be successful in peforming the Great Work?

It seems the lack of physical evidence for useful metallic alchemy mirrors into the internal world, for few alchemists were able to convincingly demonstrate their Great Work to the masses. Perhaps it is also reflected in the way that physical alchemy is technically possible but not something you can readily spread around. Should a man transform that which he abhors within himself into something sacred, who would know it? Perhaps the successful internal alchemists have existed all along but we cannot see it happening.

We have yet to have someone so thoroughly perform the Great Work upon themselves that they inspired the rest of us to discover nature's great secrets of self transformation. Only a few have done well enough to inspire a select few to formally pursue the magical act of the Great Work. Israel Regardie and his Golden Dawn associates were some of the most useful communicators of the alchemist mission of the Great Work into the 19th and 20th centuries. No doubt Aleister Crowley was a part of that group. The Rosicrucians are another group that carried on this internal mission. If you own any books by these men on digital formats, do a word search for “The Great Work” and watch the amount of locations pile up, particularly Regardie. It has become the preoccupation of western magicians to perform the great work, even into the 21st century. Lon Milo DuQuette is an another occult researcher who frequently mentions the Great work. He is most well known for his simple deciphering of Crowley's thoughts in “Understanding Aleister Crowley's Thoth Tarot” 2). He recently became one of the front men for a dvd mystery school production called bluntly “The Great Work 3). He means it in the same we we are talking about here.

Byron Katie Is Deeply Magical Without A Wand

But Duquette, Crowley, Regardie, all of these people actually own wands and use them in ceremony. They are all steeped in the magical tradition. Who represents a magical position without the wands and cloaks and other “nonsense”?

Meet Byron Katie.

As someone who reached middle age and hated life, Katie was in a bad place. So bad, in fact, she moved into a halfway house while she grappled with her growing fears and self anger 4). She reached a point where a cockroach was crawling over her while she lay depressed on the floor, the lowest of lows. And what did she do? Somehow, some way, that experience made her realize that it was her thought of the cockroach crawling over her that bothered her. When the cockroach scuttles across and is no longer on your skin, its the thought that continues to bother you, nothing else. Immediately, she recognized that the things she was so upset about were over and done with. They had already happened. What was making her so upset was the thought about the experience. It was the thought that was causing the trauma and worry after the fact, not merely the initial experience, and in an instant she broke through all of her troubles through this realization.

Later, she created a system of questions to ask yourself to investigate all thoughts that continually spin in your head that cause you problems. First, you ask if the thought that is bothering you is true. Second, can you know with complete certainty that this is true? Third, what happens to you (i.e. how do you react) when you believe this thought? Lastly, picture yourself without this thought ever effecting you…who would you be? 5).

Katie marketed this 4 question system as a way to challenge all beliefs and thoughts that haunt people. In addition to these practices, she includes a form of mental yoga that bend your harden thinking into ways you've havent thought before, with the result that your mind comes closer to a balance. In her additional system called the “turnaround”, Katie implores people asking these four questions to take their belief or thought that they are challenging and to flip it on it's head. If, for instance, your troubling thought is my husband doesn't love me, the turnout could be my husband loves me. Or it can be I don't love me. Or it can be I don't love Paul. Viewing your past experience in light of these turnaround questions makes your mind flex in unusual ways, not unlike regular yoga for the body. The realizations you receive from doing these turnarounds usually help you understand that these turnaround beliefs aren't any more real than the belief you are stuck on. If they can change your mind as much as your stuck thought, and neither one is necessarily “real”, then it becomes easier to let go.

The only way to find out how this works is by trying it. Be forewarned, though, that some of you will revolt at the turn around stage. It is hard work. People report that for their biggest hang ups, they need to do this work multiple times before they feel like it is working.

Katie is helping millions to get out of these troublesome ruts. You can find her material consistently covered on Oprah's website, arguably the largest source of casual self help in the world 6) She provides these questions and additional material on the website completely for free. So this has nothing to do with trying to cash in on her own life turnaround. She also provides facilitators on the website that can walk you through the four questions and the turnaround, in case your belief or thought is particularly troublesome for you. This service is also completely free!

It doesn't involve incantations, it doesn't involve wands, and it doesn't involve anything scam related. Can a debunker look at her and deny she is doing good work? Likewise, can a skeptic look at her and deny she is doing magical work? It does not seem possible because it is self evident.

Magically Obvious

Can you see what is magical about this? The alchemists discovered that more important than changing lead into gold was taking your lead-like belief systems, your imperfect character traits, and transforming them into golden ones. Accomplishing the Great Work in this fashion can get for you way more than what gold can purchase; complete and total life satisfaction. Katie's work is a simple method of converting the darkest and heaviest of thoughts into something that is light and helpful. This is alchemy without wands. If you needed a little more convincing, Katie synchronistically calls this activity of investigating your bad beliefs “The Work”.

For those magically inclined, this is not a coincidence as the two works are practically synonymous. In this author's opnion, Byron Katie's work is *more* important and relevant than the alchemist of old. The alchemist had to speak in coded language and symbols. The only way to come to know all the symbols at the time was to be instructed personally by someone initiated into the tradition. Today we have some great thinkers who have done their best to decode this language. The person who deserves the most credit for modern interpretations is Adam McLean 7), but even still the work of alchemy is dense. Who can take the time to decipher it's meaning? This is the crux of the problem for people who are attracted to magical thinking but not its archaic symbols.

Eugene Gendlin

Byron Katie is just one example of magic without wands. Let us take a look at another person who has developed a different set of intermal techniques of listening to your body in a way that facilitates healing. He is Eugene T. Gendlin, a philsopher (PhD) researcher of psychoanaylsis.

I know. That already sets off the woo woo radar. Let us dig a little deeper.

The Power Of Focusing

If you ever are searching for books on the process of mental focus, be sure to read more than the cover. This is because Eugene Gendlin has developed a system of listening to your body called “Focusing” and it has only tangential relation to the concept you are probably wanting to read about. It is, however, definitely worth the read.

Western thinking has been dominated by Rene Descartes dual theory of mind/body, a theory that supposes we are creatures forever split at our foundation between the two. Yet Gendlin has stumbled upon a way around this paradox. He studied psychotherapy patients over 15 years and noticed (like many other have noticed) that there wasn't a dominant theory that provided psychotheraputic relief. All of them had some success, some failure.

What was consistent among the success stories? According to Gendlin, it was the act of the patient being able to perceive themselves deeply within their own body that most consistently led to successful therapy8). The psychotherapy in conjunction with this bodily “focus” would produce a visceral change inside their body, something they could notice or perceive, and then breakthroughs in therapy would occur. Gendlin realized there was something being ignored within the psychological community and he got to work.

Gendlin called his six step system Focusing because he noticed that the patient needed to, in effect, focus their attention on their body. He called his six steps thusly; clearing a space, the felt sense, a handle, resonating, asking, and receiving 9).

First, you clear a space and allow yourself to be tranquil. You focus on a specific body part and ask a question about your life (e.g. “how is my life?”) and wait for a response. Don't react to the response.

Second, take something that comes up from part one, something in your life. Now you can go ahead and feel what is going on in that body part as it relates to this one thing in your life.

Third, you define this undefined bodily feeling with a qualitative adjective. Something like cold, bitter, heavy, twisted, etc. Uncomfortable is not acceptable. How is it uncomfortable? Your answer to that should lead you to a quality.

Fourth, you check in with yourself and see if the chosen word resonates with the bodily “feeling” you discovered in this process. This is like a verification stage. Your body should make it clear that it is a good word.

Fifth, you basically ask your body part why does this particular concern you have make the above quality? Almost in a response to the question, as if the inquiry alone were enough, that body part might “shift” in a way that your qualitative word could possibly change. If your body part was “twisted”, perhaps it feels less twisted now.

The sixth part is the easiest in that you simply allows anything that happens from the fifth part to take place. It is basically a don't-rush-to-go-do-other-things step, but allowing any sort of visceral release to fully happen 10).

Focusing Is A Tool For The Individual, Not The Expert

Patients are seeing higher levels of success when they use Focusing 11), and the book by Gendlin has sold nearly half a million copies. There is even research to suggest that good psychologists use portions of the six step process without realizing that they do this. They have also stumbled upon what works. In an coincidentally similar fashion, the Focusing Institute also provides highly skilled Focusing partners (e.g. facilitators) over the phone to give you a run down on how the system works. This process, however, is not free and it is designed to teach you how to do it Theoretically you could go back and pay again and again but that is not the design.

What holds this technique back from official mass adoption? For starters, the entire field of pyschology is plagued by the sense that their field is pseduo-scientific, mystical, or dare we say…magical. The works of Carl Jung and Wilhelm Reich are prime examples of when a psychologist jumps head first into the realm of magic and still call themselves legitimate psychologists. Focusing is a process of investigating root causes of mental hang ups that utilizes an usual look at the human body, a holistic sense that any portion of the body could potentially be holding information about the whole system. This is throwing hints towards the magical inclination of fractals and holograms as seen in this article here 12), something science keeps a safe distance away from its core center. If psychology casually touches the line between science and magic, focusing is dancing joyously all over that line, and since this is the case, focusing has been slow to be adopted by psychologists.

There are other alternative health modalities that view the human body has a magical, holographic fractal. Take a look at the practice of reflexology, a sort of modern interpretation of many ancient health practices that viewed each part of the human body as containing the whole body 13). One could manipulate different parts of the hand, for instance, and these parts correlate to larger areas of the body. In effect, you can help treat an ailing colon by knowing where the reflexology points are on the hands and massaging them. Acupuncture practicioners beckon a similar answer for how inserting needles in various places can induce healing in different areas of the body (although some like Chris Kresser, L. Ac., believe otherwise 14). These differ from Focusing in that they cannot be simply applied by a physician or psychologist, they must be performed by the individual themselves. Perhaps this makes Focusing one step closer to the magical realm as it removes power from the experts at the top of the scientific hill.

Despite the apparent fear of ostracizing by the scientific community, it has spread all over world in a way that suggests this does indeed work like magic; magic without a wand. The Focusing Institute has translated their book into 12 languages and they plan on allowing their process to spread as it chooses to spread. Not unlike how they allow the body to choose its way of shifting into a better place.

Working With The "Felt Sense" Automatically Qualifies Focusing As Magical

We will discuss frequently in The History Of Muggle Magic the tri-une nature of human forces between scientific, religious, and magical eenergy. Science readily recognizes our five senses and how we use those senses to gather data about the universe and make conclusions and/or new hypothesis about how the universe works. We apply the hypothesis and observe again with our senses for further refinement of our knolwedge. Everything is firmly based on the five senses of smelling, tasting, touching, and most importantly to science, hearing sounds and seeing light.

What senses does religion use to determine reality? Well, religion is almost completely focused on a reality beyond this one, and therefore it doesn't even focus on the senses too much. Their holy books are written by people using five sense and…something else like talking to God, which nobody can duplicate with any sort of consistency or objectivity. They use a different language to explain what they mean about the universe. God is not something to proof or disproof, in their minds, he just (nebulously) “is”. How do they know? They just do.

Magic tends to use the methods of science and expands upon them in ways to explain certain religious truths. They readily acknowledge the usefulness of the five senses that we have corresponding physical organs for, but they insist that we have more than just five senses, the most infamous being the sixth pyschic sense. Essentially, magical people believe science and its language is the foundation from which to start but it is incomplete. They are doing the work to expand the definition of science. They are willing to use the language of the scientists to explain (certain part of) the world of religion, and this is why both science and religion tend to be confused by a magical person. A magical person would understand what Gendlin is getting at here with this idea that we have a “felt” sense within the body that does not correspond to any physical organ.

Any magical person worth their weight would be familiar with the notion of astral senses that correspond to the physcial sense. You have clairaudience (psychic hearing), clairsentience (psychic feeling), clairvoyance (the most famous…psychic seeing), clairgustance (psychic tasting), and clairaliance (pyschic tasting). Students of the History of Magic should also be familliar with Rudolph Steiner, founder of the most successful alternative school to date, the Waldorf School. Steiner speaks of these psychic senses but he also points out the obvious senses we don't have an organ for. Do you have a sense of time? If the answer is yes, isn't that a sense? Do you have a sense of balance? Clearly some people do or don't by a matter of degrees, but the question should help you realize you don't need an organ to have a sense. Most of us agree we can pick up with our guts if something fishy is going on and our bodies tell us they don't like it. This happens to people at one point or another in their lives and some people are in tune to it enough that it happens for less obvious shady situations. We call this following your gut. Isn't this a sense as well? Careful where you tread, because you are outside the realm of science and walking the path magical senses. In all, Steiner identifies a total of 12 senses, not 5 15).

Tying It All Together

You have witnessed two people today who wave no wands, don't chant over amethyst crystals, or do other things distinctly magical. At the very least, none of their public work in any way incorporates this sort of magical activity and therefore we can evaluate their publications for what they are.

Both Focusing and The Work are difficult, individual focused processes of triggering healing or a shift in perspective that promotes healing. Each one cannot be done by an outsider looking in. The individual must perform each, and even if they perform it, they must perform it well to see results. This alone should regulate these activities to the dustbins of history if they did not work, but the movement for The Work and Focusing continue to grow. The Work has a more natural system of allowing things to move into harmony with nature (i.e. health). Focusing has a very magical practice of talking to organs and other parts of the body to induce shifts of health. Both, as one can see, fall under a magical category without their original author's even attempting such a feat. We call this in The History of Muggle Magic an “A.M.P.s” category, or “Accidentally Magical People”.

Can we see outside confirmation that these two practices are magical (without wands)?

Take up and coming author, Christopher Loren. He has made his rounds on the blog/radio circuit with stops like Henrik Palmgren's Red Ice Radio and Lana Lotkeff's Radio 3Fourteen (which are very magically oriented) 16). His first publication, Unspirituality: Permission To Be Human, is a slap in the face to religion followers and wand wavers everywhere. Loren spent almost three decades believing in esoteric magical philosophies until he stumbled upon some non wand waving activities that actually worked for him. Considering the aura meditations and healings weren't cutting it, he discovered a new way to be human. What are some of his secrets?

On his “recommended” page, Loren recommends The Work of Byron Katie 17). Incredibly, Focusing is also featured on Loren's website and it gets it's own tab on the front page 18).

Two of presumably the most informative and useful processes for Christopher Loren, devoted atheist and smasher of all things mystical, are things that could be called magic without wands. There is much more to Loren's work than these two practices alone, but it does beg the question if he sees the distinction between woo-wooness and that which works (even if it suggests magical orientations). Indeed, on the front page of, we see a submitted review of the book by a reader with this in bold: “I think this book is the missing link between science and spirituality19). One doesn't know if Loren highlighted the phrase or if the phrase came highlighted to him. Either way, the fact that he posted this review with a bolded section such as that is indicative of a person who wants to work a magic without wands.

If you need reminding, Aleister Crowley was famous for saying that Magic ”…may be defined as science by the vulgar”20), insinuating that science was the foundation of magic and magic was the outer reaches of science. For this book to be purportedly bridging the gap between religion and science, that is almost by definition a magical act. Especially when we consider Crowley's other most famous saying of magic, that is was “the methods of science, the aim of religion” 21). Crowley found that the best way to unite this warring duality of religion and science was to understand them as parts to a whole (an act that fits our defining of magic here 22). If Loren's work fulfills the same mission of Crowley's life work, one cannot reasonably say it is not magical. It has to be.

There will be other A.M.P.s to investigate during our class, enough so that one day they will comprise a course unto their own. It may become more important the The History of Muggle Magic in that a world without wands makes sense to the forces of religion and the forces of science.

Esoteric and Occult | psychology

10) One through six found in better detail here
19) different bolding by this author

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