Literary Archetypes Part II

  • The Hero With a Thousand Faces
    • Dreams are the myths of the individual and myths are the dreams of the culture
    • Literary archetypes are projected onto a larger screen. THey are for the culture and not just for the individual.
    • Archetypes - projections of the Jungian archetypes
      • Art
      • Myth
      • Literary
      • Individual lives
      • Patterns
      • Character
    • Hero is the most well known of these archetypes - the hero and the protagonist do not have to be the same person
    • Feminine - these are women who have power that men cannot control
    • Women who have power and are not controlled by men are dangerous
      • Sexual power, authoritative power, etc.
    • We generally do not have all of the feminine forms in one story
      • The hero cannot do it on his own
      • Hysteria originally meant female sex drive
      • Positive
        • Fairy godmother
        • The mother surrogate
        • This is not the biological mother of the hero but she takes the place of the mother and she nurtures the hero. She usually has some kind of supernatural power
        • The most obvious examples will be from fairly tales
        • Cinderella appears in every single culture and is an example of this
        • Trek
        • Sleeping Beauty
        • Takes the place of an absent or neglect mother
        • Mary Poppins
        • Negative
        • Stepmother (mother that is surrogate)
        • This is the opposite side of the mother surrogate
        • She does not care or she is abusive
        • This goes back to this primal fear that we have - we are very helpless. We are born not ready at all. For the first two years of life, the mother and the child make up a single unit.
        • Hence, we have one single fear in us of abandonment of the mother
        • Hence, we have the mother surrogate who is kind and we have the mother surrogate that is not kind at all
        • Snow white
        • Harry Potter
        • Yandi - Hannigan
      • Temptress
        • Uses sexual power to make men weak - mostly the hero
        • This is the dark side of that fertility.
        • Calypso
        • Sirens - the song is metaphoric
        • Mermaids
          • Most likely manatees
        • Witch
        • This is another mirror to the fairy godmother
        • This entity also has supernatural powers
        • All of the negative aspects could be the same person
        • Sleeping Beauty
        • Wicked witch of the west

**Both **

  • Earth mother
    • Fertility
    • She is both positive and negative because she can have negative natural effects
    • A mother can be both negative and positive because mothers can love their children too much and they can do wrong things
    • The natural mother
    • We have the natural and the nurturing aspect of the earth mother. I addition, we have this indifference which would be like hurricanes and tornadoes.
    • Caring and indifference
    • Capricious means without outside direction and without a discernible pattern
    • Earth gives you crops and makes a hurricane which destroys an entire city
    • Demeter
      • Hera could fall into this category
      • This is usually some kind of sentient creature
      • Plot points/lines
      • The journey, the return, the lovers who want to be together but cannot
      • Settings
      • The garden where everything is all right
      • The wasteland
      • The burning fields
      • Theme/Ideas
      • Find their way into stories from every culture and every time period
      • Easiest place to see all of these things is in Disney movies
      • The archetypes are about as obvious as you can get
      • People should not be judged on their appearances
      • These patterns can be seen over and over and over again
      • Once you can recognize archetypes, you can see them everywhere
      • This is why books that are badly written are so popular.
      • Movies which are badly made and badly acted are still very popular is because they appeal to certain archetypes
      • Our society is still fighting off the patriarchy
  • Naïf
    • Innocent
    • Idiot
      • Edmond Dantés in the beginning
      • Lennie in the Mice of Men
      • Forrest Gump
  • The Holy Fool
    • This person is completely clueless
    • God takes care of animals and stupid people
    • Nothing dramatic ever really happens to them
    • To Kill a Mockingbird - Scout begins as an innocent
    • Bildungsroman is a story where the main character starts out innocent and then changes as the story goes on/grows up. Then the character sees the world the way that it is and is actually better for it
    • Patrick
  • Teacher/Mentor
    • Gives the hero the skills that the hero needs, also gives the hero knolwedge
    • Abba Faria in Monte Cristo and then he kind of falls away
    • Kahn in Kite Runner stays like this throughout the entire book
    • Loner/Outcast
    • This person is the outcast but is somehow vital to the society
    • Humans are somehow addicted the outcast or the loner
  • The Hero With a Thousand Faces
    • All the images we have in our heads are all tied to all of the myths and the fairy tales and such
    • Look at the last paragraph of page 23
    • Period that every human goes through where the parent figure for the opposite gender represents the perfect for that gender
      • Kind of like Albert and Mercedes
    • A lot of times, people end up marrying who is very similar to the parent (opposite gender)
    • It is OK to be a 15 year old woman and be daddy's little girl
    • It is not OK to be a 15 year old man and be mommy's little boy
    • The mother is the object of the first love and the first hate
    • She is everything but how could you possibly leave me
  • Video Lecture
    • Make sure and watch the video, it is under media
    • Anti hero is not that the hero is bad it is just that the hero works against the society
    • Until about 60 years ago, we did not really have female heroes
    • Those characters were fighting against the patriarchy
    • Written by female authors
    • Winston from 1984 would be an example of an anti hero
    • The lover hero: someone who does everything for the love of another person
    • Romeo is not a hero
    • Romantic hero - the kind of hero that is invented by the Romantic writers
    • These heroes are handsome, they are dark and brooding, and they are intelligent as well
    • They are also mysterious - example is the Count of monte Cristo
    • Antihero EXAMPLE - A clockwork orange
    • Alex is 14 and leads a gang. He is a murderer and is a rapist and you want him to do horrible things.
    • You want him to win
    • It is being told in first person and he is a flawed narrator
    • Using slang distance us from what is happening because it is slang
    • We are not actually connecting to it
    • That appeals to us because we have a primal urge and it is also an example of the shadow
    • Alex is a monster
      • HASSAN IS A SCAPEGOAT, NAIF, LONER, ETC.
    • The hero and the protagonist are not always the same person
    • The tragic hero does not win in the end
    • The tragic hero is the main character by definition
    • There is some flaw inside of them
      • Rage
      • Pride
    • Jesus would be a scapegoat and a saviour
    • Sherlock Holmes would not fit neatly into any of the characters
      • If anything, he would be a lover hero for the love of logic and intellect
      • Read Doyle's books
      • The warrior hero has mostly external issues, not so much internal ones
      • Most action heroes are not very deep
      • Mythology grows out of human fantasy
      • Fantasies that we have inside of our heads are usually looking backwards

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