Learn About The Various Types Of Acne

When we talk about acne we mainly refer to the pimples that form on the skin of teenagers and at times on the skin of mature people as well. Many of us think that acne is a pretty simple thing and not much has to be done to get it cured. Dermatologists, however hold a different opinion about the skin problem.

The most common form of acne is acne vulgaris which is the regular bumps on the skin, and apart from this type there are many other types of acne that is being classified basis the severity, impact and the spread of the breakout. The four different types of acne as determined by dermatologists are:

  • Grade I
  • Grade II
  • Grade III
  • Grade IV

This gradation of the skin problem is done basis five factors which include the availability of non inflamed comedones, inflamed comedones, spread of the breakout, degree and spread of the inflammation and the body part which has been affected by the acne. Let us take a deep dive into these types and understand what are they characterized with.

The Mildest Form Is Grade I Acne

This being the mildest form, Grade I acne is characterized by a very low count of pimple which will tend to appear very rarely and will also be very small in size. At the most, in Grade I acne one can have a good number of blackheads or milia, which are also called as whiteheads. Grade I acne is a common thing during the adolescent phase of any individual and is also available in many elderly people in the form of blackheads and whiteheads.

Grade I acne can be easily treated with any non prescription topical cream or ointment that contains salicylic acid. Generally improvements are observed in a few days of applying the topical ointment on the affected skin. It is always a good practice to get the acne treated at the early stage as later on if it progresses to grade II acne, that would call for a lot more trouble than just applying an over the counter product. If left unattended and untreated, Grade I acne may gradually get converted to a Grade II acne.

Grade II Acne Is The Moderate Type

In this type of acne the severity increases and so does the count of blackheads and whiteheads. Slight inflammation starts getting visible on the affected skin with papules and pustules slowly getting into the picture. A papule is a small red bump without any pus whereas a pustule is the later stage of a papule where the bump gets a white head and gets filled with pus, cell debris or body oil.

While major areas that get affected with the Grade II acne would be the nose and the foreheads, yet certain amount of breakout would be visible on other parts of the body as well which will include the chest as well as the back side of the body. Grade II acne will get progressed to grade III if they are being picked or squeezed or left without any treatment.

Home remedies like salicylic acid along with benzoyl peroxide lotion can come handy in killing the bacteria that causes the acne. However if even after a couple of weeks there is no improvement seen it needs to be inspected by a dermatologist else the situation might go out of hand,

Things Take A Serious Turn With Grade III Acne

With more reddening and higher degree of inflammation, the grade III acne is considered to be severe acne by dermatologists. In this type, the amount of papules and pustules have increased manifold and nodules will start to get developed. A nodule is a hard and painful lump beneath the skin which is caused due to a crack in the follicle wall which results in the formation of these painful lumps of skin debris.

With grade III, the acne breakout would no longer be limited to the face; instead it would spread all across the body with its coverage on the chest, the back side, the legs and the arms. While scarring threats were not there in the earlier types of acne, in grade III there are maximum chances that these acne breakouts would leave scars as the infection would be much deeper in this type.

Intervention of the dermatologist becomes evident at this phase as this type of acne would require both topical and systemic therapies which only a skin doctor can prescribe. Systemic therapies would include oral medicines and topical treatment would include creams and ointments that need to be applied at the affected are to get rid of the bacteria.

Cystic Acne Or Grade IV Acne Is The Most Dangerous Form

In the grade IV acne, which is considered to be most serious form of the skin problem by dermatologists, the body gets covered with papules, pustules, nodules as well as a lot of cysts. Due to the inclusion of the cysts, this type of acne is also referred to as cystic acne by the medical experts.

Characterized by tremendous pain and inflammation all over the body, grade IV acne is also the most painful form which results in the infection going deep into the skin and spread across the chest, shoulders, arms, back side as well as legs. Once cured this type of acne will leave its mark in the form of various scars which is a characteristic trait of this type of acne.

Grade IV is a type of acne that has to be treated by a skin specialist as it requires a lot of treatment which would include both topical as well as systemic medicines. It normally takes good time for the acne of this type to get cured as the spread of the breakout is huge and deep hence any medicine will take its time to show results.

The most important point regarding the types of acne is that acne would get worse if not treated properly at the early stage. It is always a good habit to keep some over the counter topical product handy so that the same may be applied at the early stage and stop the situation from getting worse day by day.

Category: Skin

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