DEVTOME.COM HOSTING COSTS HAVE BEGUN TO EXCEED 115$ MONTHLY. THE ADMINISTRATION IS NO LONGER ABLE TO HANDLE THE COST WITHOUT ASSISTANCE DUE TO THE RISING COST. THIS HAS BEEN OCCURRING FOR ALMOST A YEAR, BUT WE HAVE BEEN HANDLING IT FROM OUR OWN POCKETS. HOWEVER, WITH LITERALLY NO DONATIONS FOR THE PAST 2+ YEARS IT HAS DEPLETED THE BUDGET IN SHORT ORDER WITH THE INCREASE IN ACTIVITY ON THE SITE IN THE PAST 6 MONTHS. OUR CPU USAGE HAS BECOME TOO HIGH TO REMAIN ON A REASONABLE COSTING PLAN THAT WE COULD MAINTAIN. IF YOU WOULD LIKE TO SUPPORT THE DEVTOME PROJECT AND KEEP THE SITE UP/ALIVE PLEASE DONATE (EVEN IF ITS A SATOSHI) TO OUR DEVCOIN 1M4PCuMXvpWX6LHPkBEf3LJ2z1boZv4EQa OR OUR BTC WALLET 16eqEcqfw4zHUh2znvMcmRzGVwCn7CJLxR TO ALLOW US TO AFFORD THE HOSTING.

THE DEVCOIN AND DEVTOME PROJECTS ARE BOTH VERY IMPORTANT TO THE COMMUNITY. PLEASE CONTRIBUTE TO ITS FURTHER SUCCESS FOR ANOTHER 5 OR MORE YEARS!

Joseph Stalin

Stalin was born Yozif Vissarionovich Dzhugashvili in Gori in Georgia (which was then part of Russia) on the 18th of December 1878. His background was humble, with his mother Ketevan Geladze working as a shop assistant and cleaner, and his father Besarion Jughashvili working as a cobbler. Like Lenin, Stalin would later adopt a 'political name'. You could translate Stalin as meaning 'like steel'.

When Stalin was seven he contracted smallpox which left him with a badly pock-marked face. When he was twelve he injured his left arm in an accident.

Stalin's father was a violent alcoholic who got in trouble for attacking the police chief in Gori, resulting in him being banned from the city. He left Stalin's mother and went to live in Tbilisi.

In 1888 Stalin was enrolled in the local church school. When he was sixteen he got into the Georgian Orthodox Tiflis Spiritual Seminary in Tbilisi. However, he was expelled from there in 1899 when he failed to sit his final exams. He had difficulties paying the Seminary's fees.

Stalin read Lenin's works and in 1903 he joined the Bolsheviks. His jobs for the Party included recruiting new members and inciting workers to go on strike. There were a lot of strikes in 1904. Oil workers in Baku in Georgia went on strike on the 13th of December that year. Stalin was involved in it. The strike ended on the 31st of December . The oil site owners entered into a unionized pay agreement with the workers.

In 1905 Stalin began writing political pieces in support of Bolshevism. On the 9th of January 1905 a large numbers of workers marched on the Tsar's Winter Palace. About a thousand of them were shot by the guards there. In January of the following year Stalin wrote an article about this.

Stalin and fellow party members raised money for the party by robbing banks and by kidnapping people and then demanding ransom money. He was involved in a bank robbery in Tiflis in 1907. Such criminal activity inevitably brought him to the attention of Russia's secret police. He was banished to Siberia on seven occasions.

On the 12th of March 1917 he came out of exile and went to Petrograd (now Saint Petersburg). He and Lev Kamenev took over the leadership of the Central Committee of the Communist Party. The previous leaders had urged Russia's front line soldiers to join with enemy soldiers so as to bring the war to an end and also to try to turn the conflict into an attack on capitalism and imperialism. Stalin urged a stronger approach in which soldiers and workers should protest to their government and demand an end to the war. With revolution under way, Stalin stepped up his attacks on the government.

At the Communist Party Conference in April 1917 Stalin was elected to the Bolshevik Central Committee. In October of that year the Committee voted for further action. The Winter Palace was stormed and the members of the cabinet of the existing government were arrested. Stalin then became the People's Commissar for Nationalities' Affairs. With a civil war taking place, Lenin formed a Politburo with five members in it, including Stalin, and also Trotsky.

In May 1918 Lenin sent Stalin to the city of Tsaritsyn (now Volgograd) to work with the military there.

Stalin ordered the executions of many people who had opposed the revolution as well as army officers on the Tsarist side. He also had villages destroyed to quell any uprisings from the peasants. In May of 1919 there were many deserters from the Western Front, so Stalin made an example of them by having them publicly executed.

With the Bolsheviks victorious in the civil war, they now focused on attacking Poland. The aim was to spread communism. Stalin was the people's commissar to the high command of the southern front, and he particularly wanted to capture the city of Lvov (now Lviv in Ukraine). Lenin and Trotsky, however, wanted Warsaw captured. Stalin refused to send his troops from Lvov to Warsaw. This led to the Russian armies attacking Warsaw to be defeated. Stalin failed to capture Lvov. In August 1929 Stalin resigned from his military post. At the Party Conference in September Stalin was publicly criticized.

In 1921 the Russian army invaded Georgia. Stalin then set about oppressing the Georgians.

In 1922 Stalin became General Secretary of the Communist Party. After Lenin's death in 1924 Stalin managed to acquire more and more political power, and by the end of the 1920's he was effectively in the position of being the dictator of Russia. Lenin on his death-bed had expressly stated that he did not want Stalin to succeed him as the leader of Russia. Lenin's testament was highly critical of Stalin, but Stalin had the testament suppressed.

Stalin wanted the Chinese Communist Party to work with the Chinese Nationalist Party rather than try to engineer a revolution, whereas Trotsky wanted revolution. In 1927 there was a massacre of Communist Party members in Shanghai.

Stalin wanted central control the economy and industry and agriculture. In 1927 there was a shortage of grain, so Stalin had it seized from farmers, resulting in millions of people in the countryside dying.

During the 1930's Stalin moved Russia towards being an industrial nation rather than an agrarian one. This resulted in an interruption to the production of food, causing a brief but devastating famine in 1932-1933.

Stalin aimed for centralized control of all aspects of people's lives.

Sergei Kirov, the leader of the Communist Party in Leningrad, was murdered in December 1934. This may have been organized by Stalin as Kirov was more popular than him. However, he declared it as having been organized by supporters of Trotsky, and he set about executing and imprisoning those he supposedly regarded as responsible. He put Nikolai Yezhov in charge of the secret police and got him to get rid of people in the organization who would not be loyal to him. The killings, known as the Great Terror, in which hundreds of thousands of people died, ended in 1938. Nikolai Yezhov was then dismissed from his post and executed.

During these times, Stalin had spy networks set up in the world's most powerful countries. Their Communist Parties were made to be pro-Russia and pro-Stalin. In 1940 he had Trotsky killed in Mexico.

Anyone who was regarded as 'an enemy of the people' could be quickly tried by three members of the secret police, found guilty, and then executed within hours.

Stalin saw himself as a great leader, and he would bestow grand sounding titles on himself. He also had a lot of places named after himself, and he had a lot of statues of himself erected. He had a propensity for having those people he had had killed to be removed from official photographs and texts.

In 1939 Stalin entered into a deal with Hitler to divide up East Europe between Germany and Russia. The deal fell apart in 1941 when Hitler failed to keep his word and he then invaded Russia. The Russians fought back, and then took Berlin and large parts of East Europe in 1945. Russian military casualties were around thirty million. Deserters would be shot. Mass executions of conquered people were a regular occurrence.

Around the time of the Second World War Stalin had over twenty million people forcibly resettled in Siberia and other areas or sent to prison camps. Stalin removed whole ethnic groups.

After the war, in 1945, the British Prime Minister, American President and Stalin agreed on how Europe should be divided, and what powers each of their countries should have.

Stalin died on the 5th March 1953. His first wife had been Ekaterina Svanidze, with whom he had a son, Yakov. Stalin's second wife was Nadezhda Alliluyeva, with whom he had a son, Vasiliy, and a daughter, Svetlana.


People


QR Code
QR Code joseph_stalin (generated for current page)
 

Advertise with Anonymous Ads