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General Psalms Notes

  • Psalms
  • 5 groups:
    • praise
    • wisdom
    • royal
    • thanksgiving
    • lament
  • David is the first true king of the hebrew nation
  • The Ancient Hebrew nation was divided into twelve clans or tribes
  • First ruler - Saul
    • The religious leader at that time was Samuel and he was a prophet as well
    • While Saul is king, Samuel identifies David as the real kind of the Hebrew nation (and david was 13 at that time)
    • After that, David lived in Saul's household and this where a hereditary monarchy begins
  • Solomon builds the first temple and then that was destroyed by the babylonians
  • Later, the nation splits into two separate nations
    • Three tribes that are still in existence - Judah, Levites (priestly tribe), and the tribe of Benjamin
  • Israel became a nation in 1946
    • Citizenship is extended to any Jew on the planet
    • A lot of people at that point said that they were Jewish
    • They were then DNA tested
  • Ashkanizian and Safardi are two sub ethnic groups
  • Belonging to the Jewish nation is traced via the mom and not the dad
  • Goliath was allegedly nine feet tall and he was also a warrior
  • Notes - Psalms 22
    • Forsaken (-) (Present)
    • Yet (+) (past)
    • But (-) (Present)
    • Yet (+) (Past)
    • Throughout the whole thing, he asks for plea - do not leave me alone - don't abandon me, don't make me go through this by myself
    • It is not asking for this to end
    • It is asking to not to have to face it alone
    • At no point does the narrator ask for saving
    • Animal imagery - the bull is used for the imagery for the primary male deity
    • It is not an individual, it is the nation
    • Dogs are seen as scavengers at this point - they live on the outskirts of the settlement
    • The lion is the predator
    • They are surrounded by enemies
    • From Plea onward marks the present until “I will”
    • “I will” marks the beginning of talking about the future
    • This marks the evolution of the deity because it goes from fearing God to revering and loving God
    • It gets bigger and bigger because it starts as just Israel and then it goes to the whole world and then it goes to all the living and the dead and the people who are not born yet (past, present, and future) Our culture looks upon the arts as something that does not require the time or energy that the sciences or maths do
    • The reference to the worm is a reference to a maggot and that is considered to be the lowest form of animal because it feeds off of the dead
    • This Psalm is used a lot of Christianity because it interprets it as a reference to the suffering Messiah
    • This is because a lot of these things happened to Jesus by the Romans
  • Notes
    • We are looking at the way poetic devices are used to communicate the notions of a particular culture
    • Devices used
      • Figurative language (personification with the heart)
        • This shows a difference because in Job and Genesis because there is a difference in the perception of the deity (Job refers to God as master whereas the Psalms still respect that power but still in awe of it)
        • In Psalms 22 - the Israelite nation is personified
        • In Psalms 51, the pslamist admits to being a highly flawed person and there is a strong sense of guilt and disappoint
        • The difference is the fear vs the respect or the love
        • David sees a woman bathing on a roof, indirectly murders her husband and then takes the woman as his wife
        • This wife ends up being the mother of solomon
        • Nathan and God know what David did - this represents the shift because the guilt and the shame of what he feels is worse than what could possibly be given to him physically
    • In Genesis it is okay if I do something wrong as long as I sacrifice some animals and follow traditions in the correct order. In Genesis God is a God of the dessert. In Psalms, it is a settled society and this leads to them looking at thins in a more nuanced point of view because they have the luxury to do so.
    • Once you have a settled people, they have the luxury to explore philosophy and such
    • The plea is to resolve the flaws in me that I recognize
    • He knows his flaws
    • The deity is know someone who you do not want to disappoint - you do not want this entity to be ashamed of you
    • You also see true monotheism and true omnipresence - previously, God had a location and now he is everywhere
    • The deity and the understanding of him has evolved
    • God is everywhere but he is not everything

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