DEVTOME.COM HOSTING COSTS HAVE BEGUN TO EXCEED 115$ MONTHLY. THE ADMINISTRATION IS NO LONGER ABLE TO HANDLE THE COST WITHOUT ASSISTANCE DUE TO THE RISING COST. THIS HAS BEEN OCCURRING FOR ALMOST A YEAR, BUT WE HAVE BEEN HANDLING IT FROM OUR OWN POCKETS. HOWEVER, WITH LITERALLY NO DONATIONS FOR THE PAST 2+ YEARS IT HAS DEPLETED THE BUDGET IN SHORT ORDER WITH THE INCREASE IN ACTIVITY ON THE SITE IN THE PAST 6 MONTHS. OUR CPU USAGE HAS BECOME TOO HIGH TO REMAIN ON A REASONABLE COSTING PLAN THAT WE COULD MAINTAIN. IF YOU WOULD LIKE TO SUPPORT THE DEVTOME PROJECT AND KEEP THE SITE UP/ALIVE PLEASE DONATE (EVEN IF ITS A SATOSHI) TO OUR DEVCOIN 1M4PCuMXvpWX6LHPkBEf3LJ2z1boZv4EQa OR OUR BTC WALLET 16eqEcqfw4zHUh2znvMcmRzGVwCn7CJLxR TO ALLOW US TO AFFORD THE HOSTING.

THE DEVCOIN AND DEVTOME PROJECTS ARE BOTH VERY IMPORTANT TO THE COMMUNITY. PLEASE CONTRIBUTE TO ITS FURTHER SUCCESS FOR ANOTHER 5 OR MORE YEARS!

Universal Language (Gena)

Introduction

Gena is a constructed auxiliary language that was created to help people from different culture communicates with each other. It is not meant to replace one’s native tongue but whether as a secondary language to help people communicate with other whom speak a different language. It will compliment one’s native language. It is design to be easy to learn and be flexible in design so that anybody can pick it up without much effort. The phonetics will be regular with one sound per letter and the grammar will be simplified without on needed complication or irregularity that exists with many spoken languages. The words will be derived from the languages of the world as this will aid with people learning the vocabulary. Furthermore, each word in Gena will only have one meaning to the word so that it will lead to less confusion. This language will look at existing auxiliary languages like Esperanto, Ido, etc. and use the parts that make sense but throw out and improve on some of these languages weak points. For example in Esperanto, the nouns have two classes; masculine and feminine. This is added complicity that is not needed, thus this aspect will not be used in Gena. Also, Esperanto derives most of its words from western languages, which leaves out many languages. Again, this can be improved by including all the languages. Furthermore, Gena will include a sign language version which is based on the concept that each hand symbol will represent a sound, thus there will only be relative few signs one will need to learn to master the sign language version of Gena. To goal of Gena is to make an easy to learn secondary language that people can learn, so they can communicate with anyone of this planet.

Lesson 1

Lesson one is the first tutorial of a much grander tutorial that I will be writing. In this lesson, I will describe the alphabetic, the phonetics and how the different parts of speech are derived. Furthermore, I will be explaining the word order, how to make nouns plural and possessive case. Towards the end I will go over my motivation and background on this Language. The aim in lesson one is to go over the basic of Gena and prepare the person for the coming lessons.

Alphabets

Gena has 26 letters in its alphabet. There is 17 regular consonants, 6 vowels and 3 special consonants which are letters that will not be derived words but instead changes the meaning of the word. I will go into more detail of these 3 special characters later. But for right now I just want you to be aware of them. Each letter will only have one sound associated with it.

Phonetics

There is only one sound per letter. The three special letters are not used in the root word but whether it is used to modify the meaning of the root word. The reason I did this is to help people spot and hear when there is a change to the root word. For example, to make a present tense verb into past tense one would add “wa” to the beginning of the verb. dode – come ⇒ wa’dode – came. Also, each syllable of a word will take the form Constant-Vowel or Consonant-Vowel-Consonant. This is intended to make the words easier to pronounce and also it helps to minimize the number of sign language symbols there will be.

Regular Letters:						        Special Characters:
A – “a” in bat			N –“n” in Night				J-“j” in Jay
B – “b” in Boy			O – “o” in Nope				W-“w” in wet
C – “c” in Can			P – “p” in  Pet				Z-“z” in Zipper
D – “d” in Dog			R – “r” in Rat					
E – “a” in Ate			Q- “sh” in ship					
F – “f” in Fox			S-“s” in see
G – “g” in Gate			T-“t” in Tight
H – “h” in High			U –“ew” in New			
I – “ee” in Need		V-“v” in vet
L – “l” in Lip			K-“ch” in church
M – “m” in Mice 		X – “th” in the
				Y – “I” in Kite

Nouns

All nouns end with “a”. There is no gender to nouns and there is only one case for nouns and it is held consonants no matter how it is used in a sentence. For example, in English “I” is used in the subject but it changes to “me” if it is used as an object. This is not the case with Gena, it does not change. Below is a vocabulary list of some common nouns.

Vocabulary List (Nouns)

day – ta				Child - kinda
time – tida				Mother - fama
Life – viva				House - casa
Hand – handa				Boy - nena
Word – vorta				Girl - kica
Place – pycca				Son- sona
Face – gesiga				Daughter – filla
Water – voda				Family - Famila
City – cota				Cat – gata
People – Persona			River – reca

Making a Noun Plural

To make a noun plural one just add “ja” to the beginning of the noun. For example,

*rat – rata		rats – ja’rata
*cat –gata		cats – ja’gata
*river – reca		rivers –ja’reca

Putting a Noun into the Possessive Case

To put a noun into the possessive case or in other words to show ownership, one puts “wu” at the beginning of the noun. For example, “the cat’s foot” or “foot of the cat” would be translated to “da wu’gata futa”

Adjectives

All adjective will end in the letter “u”. Furthermore, the adjective will always follow the noun that it qualifies.

Vocabulary List (adjectives)

Big – bigu
Little – minu
Small – petitu
Long –  largu
Beautiful – bonitu
Fat – fatu
High – hogu
Low – lagu
Great - moru
Thin - ninu

Verbs

All verbs will end in the letter “e”. Verbs will only have three tense to simplify the language: present, past and future. To make a verb into the past tense, one will add “wa” to the beginning of the verb. To make a verb into the future tense one will add “we” to the beginning of the word. For example,

Present tense			Past tense			Future tense
Talk – parle			talked - wa’parle		will talk – we’parle
Go – mineme			gone – wa’mineme		will go –we’mineme
Make – tegeme			made – wa’tegeme		we’tegeme

Vocabulary List (common verbs)

To run – rune
To drink –bebe
To eat –come
To walk – gange
To say – sige
To give – give
To come –  dode
To drive – core
To play –mangime
To work - pune

Adverb

All adverb will end with the letter “o”. All adverbs will follow the verb or adjective that it qualifies. For example, work quickly – pune suso

Preposition

Preposition is defined Gena differently than in it is in English. In English it is often define as a word that express a relationship between two nouns. In Gena it is define as a word that describes relative position through time or space between two objects. All preposition in Gena ends with the letter “I”. For example. The boy is across from the house – Da nena cosi da casa.

Word Order

The word order of Gena is the same as in English (Subject – Verb – Object). The sentence structure in most case should be very familiar to an English speaker.

Background of Gena

Gena is named after my Daughter. I have been working on this project ever since I was a teenager. I have study many languages and then one day it accorded to me that even though I knew several languages, I will still not be able to communicate with every one of this earth. It would be much more efficient if everyone spoke the same language. So, I start to look into artificial languages like Esperanto, Ido, and many more but I found them lacking in several areas and often biased to particular languages. I want to design the easiest and most efficient to learn language that will be used as a secondary language for people. In my opinion, people not be able to communicate with each other across culture is keeping us divide and thus, I want to fix that problem,

Conclusion

Gena is a constructed auxiliary language that is meant as a secondary language for people so they can communicate with people whom speak a different language. I design it to be efficient to learn and it is flexible in nature. This tutorial is part one of a much bigger tutorial that I will be writing. My hope is to enable people to communicate across culture in the hopes that it will unite us as a species.

language_and_linguistics


QR Code
QR Code gena_universal_language (generated for current page)
 

Advertise with Anonymous Ads