Ancient History Information

  • Scientist ask and answer questions
    • Engineers apply knowledge of science and math to solve problems
    • Engineers are trained and skilled in the design and development of technological solutions to human problems
    • Engineering touches every aspect of our daily living
  • The Mesopotamians
    • Engineering Accomplishments:
      • Wheel
      • Canals
      • Wall
      • Temples
      • Astrolabe (measure the distance between stars)
      • The Code of Hammurabi:
        • Established a set of building ethics
        • Reinforced the importance of quality
        • Specified consequences for breaking the code
  • The Egyptians
    • The Egyptians developed a controlled irrigation system.
    • They used different building styles but they are best known for the pyramids
    • The Chief of Works was an expert in general construction and advised the king on plans for irrigation, flood control, and surveying.
    • Flood insurance is written by the federal agency
  • The Greeks
    • The Greeks were the navigational leaders of their time and constructed the first lighthouse.
    • They used simple machines, timber frames, and hand-powered lifts to construct columns, beams, and pillars.
  • The Romans
    • The Romans kept things simple in design and form but massive in scale
    • They are known for their bath houses, arenas, roadways, temples, and public forums.
    • The Romans developed cement, the treadmill hoist, pile driver (driven into the ground for better support a lot more friction), and wooden bucket wheel.
  • The Middle Ages
    • The Middle Ages is the time after the fall of the Roman Empire.
    • Engineering development were slow during his time.
    • The Chinese invented gun powder, paper-making, iron casting, and textiles.
  • Engineering Pioniers
    • Johann Gutenberg (1398-1468) invented movable type and the first printed book.
    • Leonardo da Vinci (1452-1519) illustrated how machines work.
    • da Vinci inventions: musical instruments, hydraulic pumps, reversible crank mechanisms, finned mortar shells, and a steam cannon. He also had good drawings that were very detailed.

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