Early State Building Notes

  • Key Concept 1.3 - Development and interactions of early agricultural societies
  • States were powerful new systems of rule that mobilized surplus labor and resources over large areas - statement of evidence. Some cities are not naturally under your influence because you conquered them. An empire has to have conquest involved.
  • States were powerful new systems of rule that mobilized surplus labor and resources over large areas. The resources are shared amongst the empire.
  • Early states were often led by a ruler whose source of power was believed to be divine or had divine support and or who was supported by the military. You either had God or the army on your side and if you were lucky you had both on your side.
  • States grew and competed for resources, the favorable situated, had greater access to resources, produced more surplus food, and experience d growing populations.
  • In ancient warfare, the more people you had on the battlefield the higher the odds of winning were. This means that food surplus = armies = winning.
  • Where you were heavily influenced on whether or not you had an empire.
  • Statement of evidence - these favorable situated states were able to undertake territorial expansion and conquer surrounding states. Babies = empire
  • Early regions of state and empire building were MESPOTAMIA, BABYLONIA, AND EGYPT
  • The akkadians were the first to conquer mesopotamia.
  • Sargon also made chess popular
  • Hattasullis expands the empire by a lot and expand sit beyond just Mesopotamia
  • Hammurabi was the first Babylonian ruler of importance
  • Egypt is divided into upper and lower Egypt and upper Egypt is below lower Egypt
    • probably because the Nile flows from the south to the north
    • Egypt is also divided into three kingdoms - Old Kingdom is the time of the pyramids and that ended because of economic failure and because the kings took all of their wealth with them. THe Middle Kingdom is when Upper Egypt begins to dominate and then the Hyksos come in and then the new kingdom and then that breaks up because of poor ruling and because the Kush invaded.
    • The periods between kingdoms are intermediate periods
  • Evidence - Pastoralists were often the developers and disseminators or new weapons and modes of transportation that transformed warfare in agrarian civilizations
    • Tech transforms from being good for pastoralism to being good for warfare
    • Compound bows meant that there was more than one part
    • Iron weapons were way stronger than copper or bronze
    • Taming a horse was for pastoralism and then warfare was to put soldiers on the horses

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