DEVTOME.COM HOSTING COSTS HAVE BEGUN TO EXCEED 115$ MONTHLY. THE ADMINISTRATION IS NO LONGER ABLE TO HANDLE THE COST WITHOUT ASSISTANCE DUE TO THE RISING COST. THIS HAS BEEN OCCURRING FOR ALMOST A YEAR, BUT WE HAVE BEEN HANDLING IT FROM OUR OWN POCKETS. HOWEVER, WITH LITERALLY NO DONATIONS FOR THE PAST 2+ YEARS IT HAS DEPLETED THE BUDGET IN SHORT ORDER WITH THE INCREASE IN ACTIVITY ON THE SITE IN THE PAST 6 MONTHS. OUR CPU USAGE HAS BECOME TOO HIGH TO REMAIN ON A REASONABLE COSTING PLAN THAT WE COULD MAINTAIN. IF YOU WOULD LIKE TO SUPPORT THE DEVTOME PROJECT AND KEEP THE SITE UP/ALIVE PLEASE DONATE (EVEN IF ITS A SATOSHI) TO OUR DEVCOIN 1M4PCuMXvpWX6LHPkBEf3LJ2z1boZv4EQa OR OUR BTC WALLET 16eqEcqfw4zHUh2znvMcmRzGVwCn7CJLxR TO ALLOW US TO AFFORD THE HOSTING.

THE DEVCOIN AND DEVTOME PROJECTS ARE BOTH VERY IMPORTANT TO THE COMMUNITY. PLEASE CONTRIBUTE TO ITS FURTHER SUCCESS FOR ANOTHER 5 OR MORE YEARS!

Dante's Inferno Notes

  • Rinascimento
  • Italian Renaissance
  • We cannot pin down a time period but we can pin down a place
    • Started mostly in Firenze
    • This had partly do to do with the Moors which were from the Crusades
    • The Muslim world had never destroyed all the European knowledge
    • A lot of the knowledge in Europe was burned
    • Parchment is very expensive
    • Made from the skin of sheep
    • Vestibule
    • People here are referred to as opportunists
  • They are here because they did not choose good or evil
  • Someone who just takes whatever opportunity comes their way
  • Dante did not realize that that number of people had every existed in the world since it began
  • Most people never choose a side and they only choose whatever benefits them at any given moment
    • Chasing a banner (it is a sign)
    • It identifies a side
    • They never chose a side and now in death they are trying to but they will never catch it
    • Maggots
  • Flies/wasps that were stinging them
  • Darkness
    • It is all auditory
    • Naked
    • No identity
    • Charon/Acheron
    • Taking characters and make them into deans
  • Minos and another character talk to Dante and say to not listener to anyone and Virgil says that they will do whatever they want
    • Why would Virgil want Dante to listen to people in hell?
  • Dante has not yet recognized his own sin (he does not know why he has to go through this)
  • He has to recognize his sin and then he has to atone for it
  • God’s grace is what allows us to recognize our sins and then atone for them
  • After Charon and Acheron we get into hell and then we get into the first circle (limbo)
  • Between the first and second circle, we have Mitos
  • He was a tail and now he is a beast (half human/half animal)
  • He judges via how many times his tail wraps around the person
  • Every person tells Mitos what they did and they cannot help it
  • He is a judge for two reason
  • In Roman mythology, Mitos is known as a merciless judge and we want a judge that says this is what you did and this is where you are going without qualm
    • His association with the mix of human and animal
    • God-given human faculties would allow human beings to determine difference between right and wrong
    • When they listened to the animal side, that is when they sinned
    • Minos is associated with the Minotaur (half bull, half human)
    • Dante the poet is emphasizing the idea that for us to transgress, we are giving up part of our human side
    • Logic and reason can attempt to prevent sinning (according to Christian belief at the time)
    • After Minos, we have the circle of the lustful
  • The whirlwind is an appropriate punishment for what they have done
  • The sin of lust is all about the body
  • These people in their lives did not exercise control over their body and so in death they are not allowed to have control over their bodies
  • The couple featured seem to have the additional punishment that they are always reminded, they are always with each other (to see the person who helped put *them here)
  • Cleopatra is put here because she had affairs with Mark Anthony and Julius Caesar
  • Dante the Poet has a bias in that Cleopatra is a “women of questionable morals”
  • She was ruling a nation and the neighboring nation was conquering everyone and so she did what she had to do to keep her nation and her people safe
  • Suicide came from lust, lust is the root sin
  • History is not a series of facts, history is a series of perceptions and interpretations
  • Dido
  • She swears after her husband dies she will not sleep with anyone else and then proceeds to do so
  • Paris and Helen
  • The Illiad does not say if Helen went willingly or if she was kidnapped - Dante the Poet says that Helen went willingly because she was lustful
  • Akilles
  • Akilles gets killed trying to get the Trojan princess
  • Semiramis
  • She was a ruler for a brief time and stores were told - certain sexual acts were outlawed in her nation and she wanted to try them and so she made them *legal (so she could try them)
  • Tristan
  • Dante brings us closer to the contemporary time period
  • Isolde is not in hell
  • They were legendary and they were part of the French series
  • They were later conglomerated in the Arthur stories
  • There was a beautiful opera written about this story
  • Tristan was sent to retrieve the most beautiful woman in the world
  • He is dumbstruck because she is so beautiful
  • She asks him if he is Mark and he nods even though he is not
  • They have sex with her not knowing that his is not Mark
  • Tristan and Mark wage a war over the girl and Tristan wins but he sustains a major wound and he is dying (his eyesight is even failing)
  • Isolde is not here because she was deceived and is therefore in purgatory
    • Her sin was in continuing after she knew
    • Tristan and Isolde are legendary not historical
    • Francesca, Giovanni, Paolo (these are real people)
    • Everyone knew this story
    • This was a scandal that rocked Tuscany and then spread throughout Italy
    • Giovanni marries Francesca who is younger
  • Giovanni spends most of his time away from her but set her up in a very nice house and most nobles have two houses
  • Giovanni’s younger brother comforts her who is about her age and his younger brother and Francesca hide it
  • This continues until Giovanni comes home early and he finds him having sex in his bed and he stabs them both to death with a sword
  • Giovanni ends up paying a fine
  • Francesca says that Giovanni is going to end up in the circle for traitors
    • This is where Dante the Poet starts to introduce people from his own time period and he did not have to piss anyone off because everyone already knew
  • Dante emphasizes that people here do not take responsibility for what they have done
  • They admit it but attempt to justify it - in this case, they blame the book
  • Dante faints because he is overwhelmed
  • He feels such pits for these poor people - all they did was love each other and he feels bad
  • Dante the character is kind of sad and is kind of weak and such
  • Order
  • Vestibule
  • The river (Acheron)
  • First circle (limbo)
  • Second circle (lustful)
  • Third circle (gluttonous)
  • Fourth circle (greedy)
    • The miserly
    • Someone who hoards money even when it should be spent
    • The profligate
    • Someone who spends more money than you have on things you don’t need
    • The above four are self control sins that are natural feelings but they are taken too far
    • The river (Styx)
    • The wrathful
    • The open expression of anger
    • The sullen
    • Keeping anger inside you
    • Greed
    • Miserly
    • Not spending enough money
  • Profligate
  • Spend too much money
  • They push boulders forward with their chests and then the boulders crash
  • The Miserly and the Profligate were concerned about nothing but moving rocks (moving money at the time was in the form of rocks) and therefore all they do is move rocks now
  • Fortuna
  • Fortune
  • Originally a Roman goddess (fortune, luck, chance)
  • She is a spiritual force in the poem
  • Her job is to distribute material wealth on Earth
  • Dante is asking why some nations become rich and powerful whilst others are improvised
  • Similar to Job/Talmud
  • Tuscany at this time period is very powerful and very wealthy and he is warning that it is going to eventually end
  • Eventually Fortuna is going to take this away from you and give it to someone else
  • Rome is currently the center of Italy
  • Styx
  • Not really a river - it is more of a marsh
  • It is not water and it is not land - it is kind of both
  • Sort of like anger
  • Normal human emotion that becomes bad when done in excess
  • Also has elements of anger and pride to it
    • Wrathful
  • Fighting each other and have no control at all and are covered in mud
  • They are naked and are attacking each other in an animal nature (claw, tooth, knee, etc.)
  • Sullen
  • Bad tempered but you do not show it - you have a lot of anger but you keep it inside and you let it fester
  • Do not have the opportunity to let anything out now
  • Mud represents anger
  • Wrathful are covered in it
  • Sullen are choking on it
  • Fraud (8th)
    • Ten divisions which are malebolgias which translates to pockets of evil
    • Augury
    • Charging interest on loans that you make
    • Torah - many references to augury is bad
    • Jewish people did not charge augury to each other, they charged it to the christians
    • Simony
    • Selling of religions positions and buying them as well
    • The church has no real temporal power any more
    • Needs to be religious offices
    • Named after Simon Magus
  • Comes from acts of the apostles
  • Goes to Peter and wants to heal the sick and the dead and is willing to pay
  • There is fire on the souls of their feet which burns but does not consume.
  • Fire represents the love of God
    • He compares the holes to baptismal structures
  • The Roman Catholic church practiced infant baptism
  • We have a religious ceremony that has literally been turned on its head
    • Something that is normally a purification has been inverted
    • Water on the head inverted fire on the feet
    • Fire on the feet
    • Pentacost - one of the high holy days of christianity
    • 50 days after easter (generally)
  • The image that is used for the spirt is tongues of fire on the forehead
  • Now it is as far away from the fire as you can get
  • The burning bush from the Torah - fire that burns but does not consume
  • They took what they were supposed to do and did the opposite (used their position for their own gain)
  • All of their punishments are associated with religion but are used for their own good
  • The flame that burns the hottest is the one reserved for pope
  • Dante the poet starts getting dangerous here because he is now talking about religious figures (he is actually naming people)
  • Three popes
  • Bonaface who dies in 1303
  • Exiled Dante from florenza
  • Clement
  • Moved the papacy from Rome to Avingon
  • Was french
  • Sold the papacy
  • Enabled Philip to control the Roman Catholic Church
  • Nicholas II who dies in 1280
  • Sold cardinalships to three of his nephews
  • Bonaface is here too early because he dies in 1303 (the book is set in 1300)
    • As dante is alive, Clement is writing and is alive
  • Dante made a lot of people mad but a lot of people agreed
  • Dante hated Clement the most because that, to him, was a betrayal of the church
  • Allusion to Peter (keys to the kingdom), Jason (Macabees)
  • For the first time really, Dante is really mad
  • At the beginning he felt sorry for these people and now he realizes that they have made a choices and that he cannot feel bad for someone who has chosen to *be there
  • Logic and reason is carrying Dante through
  • The use of fire for purification is kind of ironic
  • Canto 34
  • Dis means not or negative, opposite
  • Frozen in ice
  • Frozen in ice and twisted into odd positions
  • The ice is for coldness of the heart because these people betrayed people betrayed people who loved them
    • The ice on the inside becomes the ice on the outside
    • Someone who committed suicide could not be forgiven
    • The worst sinners are Judas, Brunas, and Cassisus
    • Some people of the time believe that it was God’s plan to create the Roman Empire and spread christianity
    • The church patterned itself off of the empire
    • Brudus and cassisus when the assassinated Caesar tried to stop God’s plan and that is why they were in hell
  • They failed in stopping it, they only slowed it down
  • Judas’s punishment is the worst because his sin is the first
  • The colors of Judas’s heads are symbolic of:
    • Blood
    • Rot
    • Puss
  • That perversion of the trinity - the three faces on the one head
  • Satan is encased in ice up until his rib cage
  • The more he struggles to escape, the faster he is stuck there
  • He is creating his own prison
  • Because he will never understand that what he did was wrong
  • He will continue to try to escape and he will continue to create not only his own punishment but also the punishment for everyone in the entire circle
  • It is partly physiological
    • That is why the wings have to be exposed
    • Satan is in the exact center of the planet and so once you get to his naval, there is no such thing as down
    • There are cracks in the ice
    • They have to reverse because gravity reverses and it is really hard to climb up feet first
  • The entire trip took two days
  • They will come out of hell on holy Saturday
  • He is trying to make a point - the enormity of evil
  • Virgil/Dante - Mentor/Student
  • There is also a kind of paternal sense there
  • Virgil’s sin was being a virtuous pageant
  • He has six eyes - he can see evil

QR Code
QR Code dantes_inferno_notes (generated for current page)
 

Advertise with Anonymous Ads