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Airports - what you have to know

Why you should feel (almost) secure

Fear of flying. Maybe a therapist advise you to breathe deeply, imagining pleasant scenarios, like to be near a beautiful Lake. Millions of people have been afraid to fly. After September 11 people wondering about the safe of flying has increased. The risk of a terroristic is in people's mind. Let's try to be realistic. In the following you will understand how an airport is organised, hoping it will help to appreciate, understand the world of the airports, and maybe stop being afraid of flying.

Indentification

According to TSA Agency, when passengers travel, they are required to provide the following Secure Flight Passenger Data (SFPD) to the airline:

  • Name (as it appears on government-issued ID the passenger plans to use when traveling)
  • Date of Birth
  • Gender
  • Redress Number (if applicable)

This procedure reduce the possibility of intrusion of terrorist on the airplane. In fact they “conducts uniform prescreening of passenger information against federal government watch lists for all covered U.S. and foreign flights into, out of, and within the United States – fulfilling a key 9/11 Commission recommendation a month ahead of schedule.” This screen even includes the point-to-point international flights operated by U.S. airlines, flights that overfly, but do not land in, the continental United States.

You can do your part

You can reduce or remove the risk by following this instructions:

  • Support TSA’s Risk-Based Security (RBS) mission by identifying high-risk passengers f
  • Prevent individuals on the No Fly List from boarding an aircraft
  • Identify individuals on the Selectee List for enhanced screening

Not on board

The following items cannot be with a passenger (checked but not carried-on):

  • Box Cutters
  • Ice Axes/Ice Picks
  • Knives - except for plastic or round bladed butter knives
  • Meat Cleavers
  • Razor-Type Blades - such as box cutters, utility knives
  • Sabers
  • Scissors - metal with pointed tips and blades shorter than 4 inches are allowed, but blades longer than 4 inches are prohibited
  • Swords - cutting or thrusting weapons, including fencing foils

The goal is to reduce or eliminate the possibility to transform an ordinary item into a weapon.

Air traffic control

The captain, or pilot in command, is the one primarily responsible for the safe of the passengers. However, the pilot he cannot aware of the presence of other airplanes. For this reason, an air traffic control, ground-based workers, keep track of every phase of flights. They check every airplane operates under instrument flight rules.

Air traffic controllers track planes along the airways. Even before departure, pilots are required to file a flight plan. It will shows their intended route of flight. The copy possessed by the controller is called flight progress strip.

What about international flights where different languages are encountered? To avoid dangers the International Civil Aviation Organization selected English as the common language in aviation.

The busiest Airports in the World

Airport NameLocationCountryCode
Hartsfield-JacksonAtlanta International AirportAtlanta, Georgia USA(ATL)
2O'Hare International AirportChicago IllinoisUnited States(ORD)
London Heathrow AirportLondonUnited Kingdom(LHR)
Tokyo International AirportTokyoJapan(HND)
Los AngelesInternational AirportLos Angeles, CaliforniaUnited States(LAX)
Dallas-Fort Worth International AirportDallas/Fort Worth, TexasUnited States(DFW)
Frankfurt International AirportFrankfurtGermany(FRA)
Charles De Gaulle International AirportParisFrance(CDG)
Schiphol AirportAmsterdamThe Netherlands(AMS)
Denver International AirportDenver, ColoradoUnited States(DEN)
Sky Harbor International AirportPhoenix, ArizonaUnited States(PHX)
McCarran International AirportLas Vegas, NevadaUnited States(LAS)
Barajas International AirportMadridSpain(MAD)
George Bush Intercontinental AirportHouston, TexasUnited States(IAH)
Hong Kong International AirportHong KongPeople's Republic of China(HKG)
Minneapolis/Saint Paul International AirportMinneapolis/Saint Paul, MinnesotaUnited States(MSP)
Detroit Metropolitan Wayne County AirportDetroit, MichiganUnited States(DTW)
Don Muang International AirportBangkokThailand(DMK)
San Francisco International AirportSan Francisco, CaliforniaUnited States(SFO)
Miami International AirportMiami, FloridaUnited States(MIA)
John F. Kennedy International AirportNew York City, New YorkUnited States(JFK)
London Gatwick AirportLondonUnited Kingdom(LGW)
Newark Liberty International AirportNewark, New JerseyUnited States(EWR)
Changi International AirportSingaporeSingapore(SIN)
Narita International AirportTokyoJapan(NRT)
Beijing Capital International AirportBeijingPeople's Republic of China(PEK)
Seattle-Tacoma International AirportSeattle, WashingtonUnited States(SEA)
Orlando International AirportOrlando, FloridaUnited States(MCO)
Toronto Pearson International AirportToronto, OntarioCanada(YYZ)
Lambert-Saint Louis International AirportSaint Louis, MissouriUnited States(STL)

Airport codes

IATA Code System

IATA (3-letter codes) is a location identifier code of airports and cities around the world.

The International Air Transport Association's (IATA) Location Identifier, a unique 3-letter code, is used in aviation and partly in logistics to identify mainly locations of airports throughout the world. Below an example of IATA codes ordered by cities.

  • Example of IATA 3-letter code (the code is the 3rd column):
City, AirportCountryCode
Maastricht/AachenNetherlandsMST
MacapaBrazilMCP
Macau Macau,China SARMFM
MaceioBrazilMCZ
MackayAustraliaMKY
Macon, GAUSAMCN
Mactan Island - NabPhilippinesNOP
Madinah, Mohammad Bin AbdulazizSaudi ArabiaMED
Madison, WIUSAMSN
Madras (Chennai)IndiaMAA

ICAO Code System

The ICAO (International Civil Aviation Organization) is 4-letter airport identifier code. It uniquely identifies individual airports worldwide. They are used in flight plans to indicate departure, destination and alternate airfields, as well as in other professional aviation publications. The first two letters of ICAO codes identify the country (in the continental USA codes normally consist of a 'K' followed by the airport's IATA code).

  • Example of ICAO 4-letter code (the code is the 3rd column):
City/Airport NameCountryAirport Code
CAYMAN BARAC GERRARD SMITHCayman IslandsMWCB
GRAND CAYMANCayman IslandsMWCG
LITTLE CAYMAN BODDENFIELDCayman IslandsMWCL
MARE LOYALTY ISLANDSNew CaledoniaNWWR
NOUMEA LA TONTOUTANew CaledoniaNWWW
NOUMEA MAGENTANew CaledoniaNWWM
PAGO PAGO INTERNATIONAL (TUTUILA IS.)Samoa (Western)NSTU

Country name

An other way to find an airport is by country name.

  • Example of two Canadian airports found searching by country name:
Canada
Dryden Regional Airport (YHD/CYHD)
P O Box 817, Dryden, Ontario, P8N 2Z4
Tel: +1 807 937-4959
Fax: +1 807 937-6042
email: cyhd@dryden.ca
Website: www.dryden.ca
Manager: George Friesen

Edmonton City Centre (YXD/CYXD)
PO Box 9860, Edmonton, Alberta, T5J 2T2
Tel: +1 780 890-8175
Fax: +1 780 890-7883
email: ldechaine@flyeia.com
Website: www.corporate.flyeia.com
Enviromental Specialist: Lisa Dechaine

Country abbreviation

Another possible way to find an airport is using the abbreviation assigned to the Country===

  • Example of Country Abbreviation (first column):
Country Abbrev.Country NameAirport nameAirport Code
TTTrinidad And TobagoA.N.R. Robinson International (formerly Crown Point)TAB
TTTrinidad And TobagoPiarco InternationalPOS
TVTuvaluInternationalFUN
TWTaiwanChi MeiCMJ
TWTaiwanChiayiCYI

World Area Code

Another possible way to find an airport is using the abbreviation assigned to the Country===

  • Example of World Area Code (second column):
Country NameWorld Area CodeAirport nameAirport Code
Trinidad And Tobago280A.N.R. Robinson International (formerly Crown Point)TAB
Trinidad And Tobago280Piarco InternationalPOS
Tuvalu817 InternationalFUN
Taiwan781Chi MeiCMJ
Taiwan781ChiayiCY

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